First Resilient Kerala Problem

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Context: The Government of India, the Government of Kerala and the World Bank signed a Loan Agreement of USD 250 million for the First Resilient Kerala Program to enhance the State's resilience against the impacts of natural disasters and climate change. 

Mains: GS III 


The 2018 floods and landslides in Kerala led to a severe impact on property, infrastructure, and lives and livelihoods of people. One-sixth of the State’s population – about 5.4 million people – were affected while 1.4 million were displaced from their homes, especially the poor and vulnerable segments of the population.


  • The Resilient Kerala Program will focus on strengthening the State's institutional and financial capacity to protect the assets and livelihoods of poor and vulnerable groups through an inclusive and participatory approach. This partnership will identify key areas of policy and institutional strengthening to maximize development impact. 
  • The World Bank has been working closely with the Government of India and Kerala since the floods struck in August 2018 in assessing the impact of the floods and assisting in recovery and reconstruction. The Bank's support also helped identify policies, institutions, and systems for resilience to disaster risks and climate change.
  • The Program, which represents the First ‘State Partnership’ of the World Bank in India, is the First of two Development Policy Operations aiming to mainstream disaster and climate resilience into critical infrastructure and services.
  • The World Bank has been supporting the State through engagements such as the Second Kerala State Transport Project, Dam Rehabilitation and Improvement Project, National Hydrology Project, National Cyclone Risk Mitigation Project Phase 2 and the Kerala Local Government and Service Delivery Project.

The Program aims to support the State with: 

  1. improved river basin planning and water infrastructure operations management, water supply and sanitation services
  2.  resilient and sustainable agriculture, enhanced agriculture risk insurance
  3. improved resilience of the core road network
  4. unified and more up-to-date land records in high-risk areas
  5. risk-based urban planning and strengthened expenditure planning by urban local bodies
  6. strengthened fiscal and public financial management capacity of the state

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