How to eliminate fraudulent banking practices?

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Context: Fraud is a real operational risk for banks. As per the latest financial stability report of the Reserve bank of India Shows, the Indian banking system reported about 6500 instances of fraud. The Ministry of Finance has taken a number of steps to eliminate fraudulent banking practices.

Relevance:
Prelims: Current events of national and international importance
Mains: GS III-

  • Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development, and employment.

Steps to eliminate fraudulent banking practices :

  • Government has issued “Framework for timely detection, reporting, investigation, etc. relating to large value bank frauds” to Public Sector Banks (PSBs) for systemic and comprehensive checking of legacy stock of their non-performing assets (NPAs), which provides, inter-alia, that—
    • all accounts exceeding Rs. 50 crore, if classified as NPAs, be examined by banks from the angle of possible fraud, and a report placed before the bank’s Committee for Review of NPAs on the findings of this investigation;
    • examination be initiated for wilful default immediately upon reporting fraud to RBI
    • report on the borrower be sought from the Central Economic Intelligence Bureau in case an account turns NPA.
  • Fugitive Economic Offenders Act, 2018 has been enacted to deter economic offenders from evading the process of Indian law by remaining outside the jurisdiction of Indian courts. The act provides for attachment of property of a fugitive economic offender, confiscation of such offender’s property and dis-entitlement of the offender from defending any civil claim.
  • PSBs have been advised to obtain a certified copy of the passport of the promoters/directors and other authorised signatories of companies availing loan facilities of more than Rs. 50 crore.
  • For enforcement of auditing standards and ensuring the quality of audits, Government has established the National Financial Reporting Authority as an independent regulator.
  • Instructions/advisories have been issued by Government to PSBs to decide on publishing photographs of wilful defaulters, in terms of RBI’s instructions and as per their Board-approved policy, and to obtain a certified copy of the passport of the promoters/directors and other authorised signatories of companies availing loan facilities of more than Rs. 50 crore.
  • In order to bring transparency and accountability in the larger financial system, bank accounts of 3.38 lakh inoperative companies were frozen over the last two financial years.



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