Kandla and Adani Ports

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GS-3 Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways, etc

Context: The country’s two largest ports, the Kandla and the Adani in Gujarat, were put on high alert along with the entire Gulf of Kutch after intelligence agencies shared inputs of a possible entry by Pakistan-trained commandos through the ‘Harami Naala’ creek to carry out underwater attacks. However, the alerts turned out to be “precautionary” in nature.

In this respect the information and location of the Kandla and Adani ports become important.

KANDLA PORT-

  • Kandla port's started in 1931 with the development of a jetty by Maharao Khengarji. Progressively, this port in Gujarat turned into the number one port in India.
  • Kandla port was constructed in the 1950s as the main seaport to serve in western India, after the partition of Pakistan from India. The Port is located on the Gulf of Kutch on the northwestern coast of India some 256 nautical miles southeast of the Port of Karachi in Pakistan and over 430 nautical miles north-northwest of the Port of Mumbai (Bombay).
  • The Kandla port, which now renamed as the Deendayal Port Trust is a seaport in the Kutch District of Gujarat state in western India, near the city of Gandhidham.
  • Located on the Gulf of Kutch, it is one of the major ports on the west coast.
  • Kandla port is the largest port of India by volume of cargo it handles.


ADANI PORT

  • Adani Ports and Special Economic Zone Limited (APSEZ) is India’s largest private multi-port operator. APSEZ is a part of the Adani Group, an integrated infrastructure corporation. The company (earlier known as Mundra Port & Special Economic Zone Ltd) changed its name to “Adani Ports and Special Economic Zone Limited” on January 6, 2012.
  • While earlier the company had one operational port at Mundra, it today operates across eight ports in India and is currently constructing a transshipment hub in Kerala.

OTHER MAJOR PORTS

Port

State

Zone

Features

Chennai

Tamil Nadu

Eastern Coast

Artificial Port

Second busiest port

Kochi

Kerala

Western Coast

Sited in the Vembanad lake
Exports of spices and salts

Ennore

Tamil Nadu

Eastern Coast

India’s First corporatized port

Haldia

West Bengal

Eastern Coast

Riverine ports

Situated on Hugli river
Known as Diamond Harbour

Kandla

Gujarat

Western Coast

Known as Tidal Port
Acknowledged as Trade Free Zone
Largest port by volume of cargo handled.

Mangalore

Karnataka

Western Coast

Deals with the iron ore exports

Marmagoa

Goa

Western Coast

Situated on the estuary of the river Juari

Mumbai

Maharashtra

Western Coast

Largest Natural Port and harbor In India

The busiest port in India

Jawaharlal Nehru Port

Maharashtra

Western Coast

 Largest Artificial Port

Paradip

Odisha

Eastern Coast

Natural Harbor
deals with the export of iron and aluminum

Tuticorin

Tamil Nadu

Eastern Coast

A major port in south India
deals with the fertilizers and petrochemical products

Vishakhapatnam

Andhra Pradesh

Eastern Coast

Deepest port of India
deals with the export of iron ore to Japan

Amenities of building and fixing of ships are available

Chennai

Tamil Nadu

Eastern Coast

Artificial port

 



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