Master Plan for Tigers

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Context: The Government of India is to develop a master plan for Tigers at High altitude. The Union Environment Minister released a report on Status of Tiger Habitats in high altitude ecosystems in New Delhi. Releasing the report the Union Environment Minister said that it is an exciting study as it reveals that even ecology at high altitude is compatible for the tiger growth and we will take inputs from this study to have a high altitude tiger master plan.

Concerned Ministry: Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change.

Prelims: Environment & Ecology
Mains: GS III

The study: Status of Tiger Habitats:

  • The instant situation analysis study provides the rationale for stepping up high altitude conservation of the tiger, while identifying possible viable habitats, corridor linkages, anthropogenic pressures, and induced landscape-level changes for evolving an in-situ conservation roadmap.
  • This study, led by the GTF, with range country governments of Bhutan, India, and Nepal, along with conservation partners (WWF and country-specific collaborators), has been supported by the Integrated Tiger Habitat Conservation Programme (ITHPC) of the IUCN and DFW.
  • This provides the action strategy for a high altitude tiger master plan, with gainful portfolio for local communities and ensuring the centrality of tiger conservation in development, trough an effective coordination mechanism, involving stakeholders and line departments operating within the landscape.

Need for the study: 

  • The habitat of the tiger of varied, encompassing several biomes and ecological conditions. However, most of the high-altitude habitats, within the range have not been surveyed for an appraisal of tiger presence, prey, and habitat status.
  • Hence, it becomes important to embark on a said appraisal, involving mapping of the habitat and carrying out a situation analysis for a future roadmap.
  • Tiger habitats in high altitude require protection through sustainable land use, as they are a high-value ecosystem with several hydrological and ecological processes providing ecosystem services and adaptation to mitigate the ill effects of climate change.
  • Several high-altitude habitats in South Asia have the spatial presence of tiger, active in-situ efforts are called for ensuring their conservation.

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