NITI Aayog – DRC (China) Dialogue

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Context: The Fifth Dialogue of NITI Aayog and Development Research Centre (DRC), of the State Council, People’s Republic of China, was held in Wuhan, China, today. The Chinese delegation was led by Ma Jiantang, Party Secretary of DRC, and the Indian by Dr. Rajiv Kumar, Vice-Chairman of NITI Aayog. This is the first ministerial Dialogue between China and India since the informal meeting between Chinese President Xi Jinping and Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi in Chennai.

Prelims: Current events of national and international importance.
Mains: GS II- India and its neighbourhood- relations.

Outcomes of the dialogue: 


  • The dialogue took place under the MOU between NITI Aayog of the Government of India and the Development Research Centre (DRC), State Council of the People’s Republic of China that was signed during the visit of Hon’ble Prime Minister of India to China in May 2015.
  • Based on the agreement at the Fourth Dialogue in Mumbai 2018, DRC and NITI Aayog had undertaken joint research in the areas of WTO reform and urbanization, whose preliminary findings were presented at the Fifth Dialogue as a key deliverable.
  • Senior delegates of the Chinese and Indian administration, representatives of the governments, academia, and enterprises participated in the deliberations, which included sessions on the global economy, globalization, and macroeconomic policies in China and India, innovation and development, and potential for Sino-India trade and economic cooperation.
  • After detailed presentations and in-depth discussions, both sides affirmed their commitment to build a more inclusive global economic architecture and implement fair and reasonable trade rules, taking into account the need for safeguarding the interests of developing and less-developed nations.   
  • To advance high-quality development, the two sides decided to strengthen knowledge sharing and mutual learning in high-tech, digital economy, fiscal policy and jointly address the challenges arising from the environment, income gaps, etc.
  • Emphasis was laid on promoting sustainable urbanization, development of Smart Cities, infrastructure and green transportation.
  • Both sides also agreed to explore synergies in tourism; health sector; culture, language, and people-to-people exchanges; and learn from respective best practices and create favourable conditions for facilitating ease-of-doing business by giving impetus to outbound and inbound investments.

The Sixth Dialogue will be convened in India in the second half of November 2020.

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