|Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana- Remunerative Approaches for Agriculture and Allied Sector Rejuvenation (RKVY-RAFTAAR)
||Ministry of Agriculture
- RKVY scheme was initiated in 2007 as an umbrella scheme for ensuring holistic development of agriculture and allied sectors.
- The ongoing Centrally Sponsored Scheme (State Plans) is now continued as Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana- Remunerative Approaches for Agriculture and Allied Sector Rejuvenation (RKVY-RAFTAAR) for three years i.e. 2017-18 to 2019-20.
- Some of the major sub-schemes that are implemented under RKVY-Raftaar are Accelerated Fodder Development Programme (AFDP), Saffron Mission, Crop Diversification Programme (CDP) etc.
- Recently, the Ministry of Agriculture has started funding start-ups under the innovation and agripreneurship component of Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana in 2020-21.
- To strengthen the farmers’ efforts through the creation of required pre and postharvest agri-infrastructure that increases access to quality inputs, storage, market facilities, etc. and enables farmers to make informed choices.
- To provide autonomy, flexibility to States to plan and execute schemes as per local/ farmers‟ needs.
- To promote value chain addition linked production models that will help farmers increase their income as well as encourage production/productivity
- To mitigate the risk of farmers with a focus on additional income generation activities – like integrated farming, mushroom cultivation, beekeeping, aromatic plant cultivation, floriculture, etc.
- To attend national priorities through several sub-schemes.
- To empower youth through skill development, innovation, and Agri entrepreneurship based agribusiness models that attract them to agriculture.
- A component, Innovation and Agri-entrepreneurship Development programme has been launched under Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana in order to promote innovation and agripreneurship by providing financial support and nurturing the incubation ecosystem.
- These start-ups are in various categories such as agro-processing, artificial intelligence, digital agriculture, farm mechanisation, waste to wealth, dairy, fisheries etc.
- Agripreneurship Orientation– 2 months duration with a monthly stipend of Rs. 10,000/- per month.
- Mentorship is provided on financial, technical, IP issues etc.
- Seed Stage Funding of R-ABI Incubatees-Funding up to Rs. 25 lakhs (85% grant & 15% contribution from the incubatee).
- Idea/Pre-Seed Stage Funding of Agripreneurs – Funding up to Rs. 5 lakhs (90% grant and 10% contribution from the incubatee).
Allied sectors covered under the scheme:
- Crop Husbandry (including Horticulture)
- Animal Husbandry, Dairy Development and Fisheries
- Agricultural Research and Education
- Agricultural Marketing
- Food storage and Warehousing
- Soil and Water Conservation
- Agricultural Financial Institutions
- Other Agriculture Programmes and Cooperation
|Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY)
||Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare
- PMFBY, launched in 2016, is designed to reduce the burden of crop insurance on farmers.
- It merged schemes- National Agricultural Insurance Scheme (NAIS) and the Modified National Agricultural Insurance Scheme (MNAIS).
- PMFBY- is in line with One Nation – One Scheme theme.
- Recently, the government approved changes in Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana to address the existing challenges in implementation.
- It aims to reduce the premium burden on farmers and ensure early settlement of crop assurance claim for the full insured sum.
- To provide insurance coverage and financial support to the farmers in the event of failure of any of the notified crop as a result of natural calamities, pests & diseases.
- To stabilise the income of farmers to ensure their continuance in farming.
- To encourage farmers to adopt innovative and modern agricultural practices.
To ensure the flow of credit to the agriculture sector.
- Enrolment under the Scheme is voluntary for all farmers.
- There will be a uniform premium of only 2% to be paid by farmers for all Kharif crops and 1.5% for all Rabi crops.
- In the case of annual commercial and horticultural crops, the premium to be paid by farmers will be only 5%.
- Central Subsidy under PMFBY is limited for premium rates up to 30% for unirrigated areas/crops and 25% for irrigated areas/crops.
- Districts having 50% or the more irrigated area will be considered as irrigated area/district.
- Flexibility to States/UTs to implement the Scheme with an option to select any or many of additional risk covers/features like prevented sowing, localised calamity, mid-season adversity, and post-harvest losses.
- For estimation of crop losses/admissible claims, Two-Step Process to be adopted based on defined Deviation matrix” using specific triggers like weather indicators, satellite indicators, etc. for each area along with normal ranges and deviation ranges.
- Central Share in Premium Subsidy to be increased to 90% for the North Eastern States from the existing sharing pattern of 50:50.
- The scheme is implemented by empanelled general insurance companies.
- There will be one insurance company for the entire state.
- The selection of the Implementing Agency (IA) is done by the concerned State Government through bidding.
- Allocation of business to Insurance Companies to be done for three years.
||Ministry of Science & Technology
- Recently, the MoS&T has launched the “Scientific Utilization through Research Augmentation-Prime Products from Indigenous Cows” (SUTRA-PIC India).
- It is led by the Department of Science and Technology (DST).
- It is a collaborative effort of the Department of Biotechnology, the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, the Ministry for AYUSH (Ayurveda, Unani, Siddha, Homoeopathy) and the Indian Council of Medical Research.
- It aims to develop products as well as improve the genetic quality of indigenous cattle breeds.
It has five themes:
- The uniqueness of Indigenous Cows.
- Prime-products from Indigenous Cows for Medicine and Health.
- Prime-products from Indigenous Cows for Agricultural Applications.
- Prime-products from Indigenous Cows for Food and Nutrition.
- Prime-products from indigenous cows-based utility items.
The above themes aim to perform:
- Scientific research on the complete characterisation of milk and milk products derived from Indian indigenous cows.
- Scientific research on nutritional and therapeutic properties of curd and ghee prepared from indigenous breeds of cows by traditional methods.
- Development of standards for traditionally processed dairy products of Indian-origin cows, etc.
Pradhan Mantri Laghu Vyapari Maan-Dhan Yojana
|Ministry of Labour
- It is a voluntary and contribution-based central sector scheme.
- The scheme was in news for underperformance as just over 34,000 people have signed up so far.
- The Labour Ministry’s vision document in 2019 had set a target of 25 lakh enrolments for the scheme in 2019-2020.
- All small shopkeepers, self-employed persons and retail traders aged between 18-40 years and with Goods and Service Tax (GST) turnover below Rs.1.5 crore can enrol for the pension scheme.
- To be eligible, the applicants should not be covered under the National Pension Scheme, Employees’ State Insurance Scheme and the Employees’ Provident Fund or be an Income Tax assessee.
- The scheme entails monthly minimum assured pension of ₹3,000 for the entry age group of 18-40 years after attaining the age of 60 years, with effect from July 22, 2019.
- Under the scheme, the government makes a matching contribution in the subscribers’ account.
- The scheme is based on self-declaration as no documents are required except bank account and Aadhaar Card.
- During the receipt of a pension, if an eligible subscriber dies, his spouse shall be only entitled to receive 50% of the pension received by such eligible subscriber, as family pension and such family pension shall be applicable only to the spouse.