Samajho’s Telegram Compilation: Part 6

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Telegram Compilation: Part 6

This is a compilation of various Articles / Solutions to MCQs that we regularly post on our Telegram Channel.
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GOPAL KRISHNA GOKHALE

 

NATIONAL MIGRANT INFORMATION SYSTEM (NMIS)

  • Context:
    • National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) has developed the ‘National Migrant Information System (NMIS)’, a central online repository on Migrant Workers to facilitate their seamless movement across States.
  • About:
    • The online portal would maintain a central repository on migrant workers and help in speedy inter-State communication/co-ordination to facilitate their smooth movement to native places.
    • It has additional advantages like contact tracing, which may be useful in overall COVID-19 response work.
    • The key data pertaining to the persons migrating has been standardized for uploading such as name, age, mobile no., originating and destination district, date of travel etc., which States are already collecting.
    • States will be able to visualize how many people are going out from where and how many are reaching destination States.

AMPHAN: Cyclonic Storm

  • Context:
    • It intensifies into Severe Cyclonic Storm.
    • On May 17, 2020, the Cyclonic storm Amphan in the Bay of Bengal has intensified into severe cyclonic storms. The cyclone is to cross West Bengal-Bangladesh coasts on May 20, 2020.
  • What is a severe cyclonic storm?
    • The Severe Cyclonic Storm is a storm that has winds at the rate of 89-117 km/hr. They are called the severe based on the scale of the Indian Meteorological Department
  • Scales of Cyclone
    • The Indian Meteorological Department classifies Cyclones based on their wind speeds. When the wind speed is around 31-50 km/hr, it is called depression. When the wind speed is between 51-62 km/hr, it is called Deep Depression. Beyond these speeds, the depression becomes a storm. The wind speeds of different storms as follows
      • Cyclonic Storm: 63-88 km/hr
      • Severe Cyclonic Storm: 89-117 km/hr
      • Very Severe Cyclonic Storm: 118-165 km/hr
      • Extremely Severe Cyclonic Storm: 166-220 km/hr
      • Super Cyclonic Storm: greater than 220 km/hr
  • Number of Cyclones are more in the Bay of Bengal than Arabian Sea-Why?
    • The ocean temperatures of Bay of Bengal are more than that of the Arabian Sea. Also, the hills in the western ghats are high enough to stop the cyclones if it strikes the coasts.

Detailed Coverage:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2e950AvNGMY

 

BALANCE OF PAYMENTS

TERMS OF ECOLOGY 

Defence Testing Infrastructure Scheme

  • Recently, the Union Defence Minister Shri Rajnath Singh has approved the launch of  Defence Testing Infrastructure Scheme (DTIS).
  • It is launched with an outlay of Rs 400 crore for creating a state of the art testing infrastructure for defence sector.
  • It is aimed to provide a boost to domestic defence and aerospace manufacturing.
  • The Scheme would run for the duration of five years and envisages to set up six to eight new test facilities in partnership with the private industry.
  • It will facilitate indigenous defence production, consequently, reduce imports of military equipment and help make the country self-reliant.
  • The projects under the Scheme will be provided with up to 75 percent of government funding in the form of ‘Grant-in-Aid’.
  • The remaining 25 percent of the project cost will have to be borne by the Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) whose constituents will be Indian private entities and State Governments.
  • The SPVs under the Scheme will be registered under Companies Act 2013 and shall also operate and maintain all assets under the Scheme, in a self-sustainable manner by collecting user charges.



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