Samajho’s Telegram Compilation: Part 7

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Telegram Compilation: Part 7

This is a compilation of various Articles / Solutions to MCQs that we regularly post on our Telegram Channel.
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ODISHA TEMPLE OF ARCHITECTURE 

NEOLITHIC SITES

ESSENTIAL COMMODITIES ACT 1955

PM Matsya Sampada Yojana

  • Context:
    • The Union Cabinet has approved the implementation of the Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana (PMMSY).
  • About the scheme
    • It aims to bring about the Blue Revolution through sustainable and responsible development of the fisheries sector under two components
      • a) Central Sector Scheme (CS)
      • b) Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS)
    • It will be implemented for five years from FY 2020-21 to FY 2024-25.
  • FUNDING PATTERN
    • Central Sector Scheme Component
      • The entire project cost is borne by the Central government i.e. 100% central funding.
      • Direct beneficiary-oriented activities are undertaken by the entities of central government including the National Fisheries Development Board (NFDB) with the assistance of
        • (a)40% of the project cost for General category
        • (b)60% for SC/ST/Women category.
    • Centrally Sponsored Scheme
      • The project cost for the Non-beneficiary orientated sub-components under CSS components will be shared
        • (a)North Eastern and the Himalayan States- 90% Central share and 10% State share.
        • (b)Other States- 60% Central share and 40% State share.
        • (c)Union Territories (with the legislature and without legislature)- 100% Central share.
      • For the Beneficiary orientated activities, the Government financial assistance of both Centre and State/UTs governments together will be limited to
        • (a) 40% of the project cost for General category
        • (b) 60% of the project/unit cost for SC/ST/Women.
  • Benefits
    • Address the critical gaps in the fisheries sector and realize its potential.
    • Augment fish production and productivity at a sustained average annual growth rate of about 9% to achieve a target of 22 million metric tons by 2024-25.
    • Improve the availability of certified quality fish seed and feed, traceability in fish, and including effective aquatic health management.
    • Create critical infrastructure including modernization and strengthen the value chain.
    • Boost investments in the fisheries sector and increase the competitiveness of fish and fisheries products.
    • Double fishers, fish farmers and fish workers incomes by 2024.

National parks of Kerala 

  • National parks of Kerala 
    • 1978 Eravikulam National Park
    • 1982 Periyar National Park
    • 1984 Silent Valley National Park
    • 2003 Mathikettan Shola National Park
    • 2003 Anamudi Shola National Park
    • 2003 Pambadum Shola National Park
  • Important Wildlife sanctuaries in Kerala 
    • Neyyar Wildlife Sanctuary 
      • Flora and fauna: Reed brakes, ibex, lion-tailed macaque, Indian elephant, Nilgiri langur, crocodile, shola birds, more than 150 endemics.
    • Idukki Wildlife Sanctuary
      • Flora and fauna: Indian elephant, sambar 
    • Thattekad Bird Sanctuary 
      • Flora and fauna: Birds
    • Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary 
      • Flora and fauna: sandal forests, dry habitat species of animals and birds, Nilgiri tahr, Indian elephant
    • Kurinjimala Sanctuary 
      • Flora and fauna: Neelakurinji
  • Tiger reserves
    • Periyar Tiger Reserve
    • Parambikulam Tiger Reserve



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