Table of Contents
- Space Missions in News
Space Missions in News
- GSLV Mk-III
- Aimed to develop and demonstrate the key technologies for end-to-end lunar mission capability, including soft-landing and roving on the lunar surface.
- September 2019
- Chandrayaan-2, hovering over the Moon, has found new developments on the hot outermost layer of the bright star known as Corona. These include
- Abundances of magnesium, aluminium and silicon in the solar corona.
- Around 100 microflares were observed, providing new insights about coronal mass heating.
- Rocket: ISRO’s GSLV Mk III.
- The objective of Gaganyaan is to carry a crew of three to Low Earth Orbit (LEO), perform a set of predefined activities in space, and return them safely to a predefined destination on earth.
- 30th July 2020
- 18th February 2021
- At least one Mars year (about 687 Earth days).
- Jezero Crater (an ancient river delta that has rocks and minerals that could only form in water).
- Assess ancient habitability.
- Demonstrate technology for future robotic and human exploration
- China National Space Administration (CNSA)
- July 2020.
- Lander from Tianwen-1 has touched down on Utopia Planitia,
- To conduct scientific investigations into the planet’s soil, geological structure, environment, atmosphere and water.
- The mission will be the first to place a ground-penetrating radar on the Martian surface, which will be able to study local geology, as well as rock, ice, and dirt distribution.
- 1st Indian space-based Solar Coronagraph intended to study the outermost region of the sun called ‘Corona’.
Objectives of the Mission:
- The major scientific objectives of Aditya-1 are to achieve a fundamental understanding of the physical processes that:
- Heat the solar corona
- Accelerate the Solar Wind
- Produce Coronal Mass Ejections (CMEs)
Parker Solar Probe
- Mission duration 7 years (planned)
Aim of the mission
- The mission’s central aim is to trace how energy and heat move through the Sun’s corona and to study the source of the solar wind’s acceleration.
- The mission is likely to last for seven years during which it will complete 24 orbits.
- Like Earth, Venus sports an electrically charged layer of gas at the upper edge of its atmosphere,
- called the ionosphere. This sea of charged gases, or plasma, naturally emits radio waves.
- European Space Agency
- It is likely to be launched sometime in the 2030s.
- The mission will carry a range of instruments to study the planet’s atmosphere and surface, monitor trace gases in the atmosphere and analyse its surface composition.
Importance of Studying Venus:
- It will help to learn how Earth-like planets evolve and what conditions exist on Earth-sized exoplanets (planets that orbit a star other than our sun).
- It will help in modelling Earth’s climate and serves as a cautionary tale on how dramatically a planet’s climate can change.
- Scientists speculate about the existence of life on Venus in its distant past and the possibility that life may exist in the top layers of its clouds where temperatures are less extreme.
- In 2020, scientists detected the presence of phosphine (a chemical produced only through biological processes) in the atmosphere of Venus.
- VIPER stands for Volatiles Investigating Polar Exploration Rover. It is a mobile robot.
- To explore the Moon’s South Pole region.
- Help create lunar resource maps.
- Evaluate the concentration of water as well as other potential resources on its surface.
- To understand if it is possible for human life to sustain there, by using locally available resources.
- It is the first resource mapping mission on any other celestial body.
- NASA’s Commercial Lunar Payload Services (CLPS) will be providing the launch vehicle and lander for what’s going to be a 100-day mission.
CREW 2 Mission
- The main objective of this program is to make access to space easier in terms of its cost, so that cargo and crew can be easily transported to and from the ISS, enabling greater scientific research.
Chang’e 4 project
- China National Space Administration (CNSA)
- 3 January 2019
- the far side of moon South Pole-Aitken Basin’
- The program aims to facilitate a crewed lunar landing in the 2030s and possibly the building of an outpost near the south pole.
- UAE, the Arab world’s first mission to Mars.
- July 2020
- The primary objective of the mission is to study Martian weather dynamics.
- 8 September 2016
- survey asteroid Bennu, its surface and collects a sample from it.
- Recently, NASA’s OSIRIS-REx spacecraft departed from asteroid Bennu and started its two-year-long journey back to Earth. OSIRIS-REx is NASA’s first mission to visit a near-Earth asteroid.
- Collect samples and survey Asteroid Ryugu.
- Blue Origin
- Named after astronaut Alan Shephard – the first American to go to space.
- It is a rocket system that has been designed to take astronauts and research payloads past the Karman line.
- The idea is to provide easier and more cost-effective access to space meant for purposes such as academic research, corporate technology development and entrepreneurial ventures among others.
- It will also allow space tourists to experience microgravity by taking them 100 km above the Earth.
- First all-civilian, non-governmental spaceflight of SpaceX.
- It will take a group of four private citizens into space for three days.
- According to the reports, the journey will present an opportunity for collecting large amounts of health data that will aid in planning future crewed space missions.
SpaceX Crew Dragon
- 30 May 2020
- Space X
Importance of the mission:
- It was the first time that astronauts used a spaceship built and launched by a private company, and the event is being widely seen as the beginning of a new era in space exploration.
- The rocket, named Falcon 9, which carried the spaceship into orbit, was also built by SpaceX.
- The mission was called Demo-2, in keeping with the fact that it was only a ‘test flight’, which if successful, would lead to more missions in the coming months.
VSS Unity spaceship
- Virgin Galactic
- Virgin Galactic is a private space tourism company that aims to fly well-paying tourists to space
- Sirisha Bandla, an astronaut born in India, was a part of the crew.
GPS Satellite Systems around the World
- United States: Global Post(GPS)
- Japan: Quazi-Zenith Satellite System(QZSS)
- Russia: Global Navigation Satellite System (GLONASS)
- China: BeiDou Navigation Satellite System
- European Union: Galileo
- India: GAGAN- Geo Augmented Navigation System