UPSC Daily Editorial Analysis | 1 April 2022

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What the article is about?

  • Talks about the prospects of re-polishing the India-Nepal ties in the backdrop of recent visit by Nepal PM to India.

Syllabus: GS-II International Relations- India and its neighbourhood relations

India-Nepal relations:

  • Nepal is an important neighbour of India and occupies special significance in its foreign policy because of the geographic, historical, cultural and economic linkages/ties that span centuries.
    • Roti-Beti ka Rishta
    • share similar ties in terms of Hinduism and Buddhism
    • India-Nepal Treaty of Peace and Friendship of 1950
    • India is Nepal’s largest trade partner
    • Bilateral defence cooperation includes assistance to Nepalese Army in its modernisation through provision of equipment and training.
    • The Gorkha Regiments of the Indian Army
    • 3 sister-city agreements for twinning Kathmandu-Varanasi, Lumbini-Bodhgaya and Janakpur-Ayodhya.
    • share multiple multilateral forums such as BBIN, BIMSTEC, Non-Aligned Movement, and SAARC 


  • China’s Intervention:
    • China considers Nepal a key partner in its Belt and Road Initiative (BRI),
    • Rising Nepal and China cooperation can undermine Nepal’s distinction of buffer state between India and China.
  • Border Dispute
    • Nepal had released a new political map that claims Kalapani, Limpiyadhura and Lipulekh of Uttarakhand as part of Nepal’s territory.
    • The area of Susta (West Champaran district, Bihar) can also be noted in the new map.

Way Ahead:

  • Power trade agreement needs to be such that India can build trust in Nepal.
  • Time to undertake a complete rethink as the sales of goods and payments moves through electronic platforms, can provide many new opportunities for businesses on both sides of the border.
  • Bilateral Investment Promotion and Protection Agreement (BIPPA) signed between India and Nepal needs more attention from the Nepali side. 


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