UPSC Daily Editorial Analysis | 15 March 2022

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What’s the article is about?

The article talks about the Ukraine war crisis on global world order i.e is fragmented in every aspect.

Syllabus: GS2, International Relations

Evidence of fragmented global order

1. UN and UNSC ineffectiveness

  • The direct missile strikes and the bombing of Ukrainian cities every day, exacting both military and civilian casualties, and the creation of millions of refugees, run counter to every line of the UN Charter preamble, i.e. “to save a succeeding generation from the scourge of war”.
  • A vote of the international commons, or the UN General Assembly (UNGA), that decried Moscow’s actions, was brushed off in a way that was even easier than when the U.S. did when it lost the UNGA vote in 2017 over its decision to move the U.S. Embassy to Jerusalem. 
  • Meanwhile, in their responses, other P5 members such as the United States, the United Kingdom, and France did not seek to strengthen the global order either, imposing sanctions unilaterally rather than attempting to bring them to the UN.

2. Against nuclear safeguards

  • Russian military’s moves to target areas near Chernobyl and shell buildings near the Zaporizhzhia nuclear power plant show an alarming nonchalance towards safeguards in place over several decades.
  • Ukraine and Libya that willingly gave up nuclear programs have been invaded, while regimes such as Iran and North Korea can defy the global order

3. Economic fragmentation

  • The unilateral nature of western sanctions rubs against the international financial order set up under the World Trade Organization.
  • Russia and an exploration of alternative trading arrangements with countries such as China, India, and much of the Eastern Hemisphere which continue to trade with Moscow. 

4. Cultural fragmentation

  • The “isolation” extends to art and music: in the past two weeks the Munich Philharmonic fired its chief conductor and New York’s Metropolitan Opera let a Russian soprano, Anna Netrebko.

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