UPSC Daily Editorial Analysis | 30 May 2022

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What the article is about?

  • Talks about the potential of QUAD and way ahead.

Syllabus: GS-II International relations, Regional grouping

QUAD:

  • The quadrilateral security dialogue includes Japan, India, United States and Australia.
    • The grouping traces its genesis to 2004 when the four countries came together to coordinate relief operations in the aftermath of the tsunami.
    • It then met for the first time in 2007 on the sidelines of the ASEAN
    • The intention was to enhance maritime cooperation between the four nations.
  • Quad is an opportunity for like-minded countries to share notes and collaborate on projects of mutual interest.
    • Members share a vision of an open and free Indo-Pacific. Each is involved in development and economic projects as well as in promoting maritime domain awareness and maritime security.
    • The central driving force of the Quad is to counter China’s growing expansionism and belligerence.
  • The Quad agenda now covers nine sectors:
    • vaccine partnership and health security, climate action, critical and emerging technologies, cooperation on infrastructure, cyber security, space cooperation, education and people-to-people ties, maritime domain awareness, and humanitarian assistance and disaster relief.
  • On infrastructure, a new commitment was made at Tokyo for the Quad to extend over $50 billion in investment and assistance to the Indo-Pacific countries over the next five years.
    • The Common Statement of Principles on Critical Technology Supply Chains is significant, as it concerns cooperation on semiconductors.
  • The atmospherics of the summit improved significantly after the launch of the Indo-Pacific Economic Framework for Prosperity (IPEF) a day earlier.
    • The joint announcement was made by the Quad, seven ASEAN member-states (excluding Myanmar, Cambodia and Laos), South Korea and New Zealand. 

Way Ahead:

  • India’s constructive participation in the Tokyo summit and agreement to join IPEF demonstrated commitment to strengthening its strategic partnerships in order to push back China’s dominance.
    • At the same time, New Delhi has agreed to the expansion of BRICS membership.
  • This simultaneous engagement with the Quad and BRICS is New Delhi’s strategic autonomy in full play.
  • India’s presidency of the G20 in 2023 and the likelihood of India hosting the Quad summit in 2024 will ensure that it follows a calibrated policy and stays on track, as every major step will attract international attention. 



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