UPSC Daily Editorial Analysis | A Revert To The Mean | NCRB | Crimes In India | Cybersecurity | Domestic Violence | 2nd September, 2022

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What the article is about:

  • The article talks about recently released Annual report of NCRB- “crime in India”.

Relevance:

  • Paper1: Essay.
  • GS2: Vulnerable sections.
  • GS3: cybersecurity 

Analysis:

  • According to the annual report of NCRB, an increase has been registered in violent crimes such as rape, kidnapping, atrocities against children, robberies and murders.
  • NCRB (National Crime Records Bureau):
    • NCRB, headquartered in New Delhi, was set-up in 1986 under the Ministry of Home Affairs to function as a repository of information on crime and criminals so as to assist the investigators in linking crime to the perpetrators.
    • It was set up based on the recommendations of the National Police Commission (1977-1981) and the MHA’s Task Force (1985).

Trends in Crime rates:

  • “Cruelty by husband or his relatives” constituted 31.8% of crimes against women, up from 30.2% in 2020 and 30.9% in 2019.
  • While the violent crimes increased, the chargesheeting rate fell from 75.8% in 2020 to 72.3% in 2021.
  • Conviction rate fell from 59.2% to 57% in 2021.
  • The report also revealed that the suicide rate in the population in 2021- 12 per one lakh people was the highest in last 5 years.
  • Domestic problems and illness were reported as the main reasons and main victims being daily wage earners and housewives.
  • The 5.9% increase in cases registered as cyber crimes over 2020.
    However, this increase was more so in rural areas as cybercrime in metropolitan cities ( with population more than 2 million people) registered a decline of 8.3% compared to 2020.

Way ahead:

  • The increase in cybercrimes should warrant an effort by the government to educate people about risks in cyber activities and to ensure better law enforcement.



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