A big step in reducing the risk of disasters – On disaster management | 25 July 2023 | UPSC Daily Editorial Analysis

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What's the article about?

  • It talks about the need to fasten global efforts to meet the objective of the Sendai Framework.

Relevance: GS3: Disaster and Disaster Management; Prelims


  • Rising frequency and intensity of the disasters across the globe:
    • Disasters are the most visible manifestation of climate change. These disasters around the world are claiming more and more lives. They are also responsible for huge economic losses.
    • Thus, it is clear that the world needs to do more to prevent the risk of losses from all disasters, whether they are weather-related, earthquakes, or biological ones like COVID-19. For too long, countries have spent billions responding to disasters rather than paying a little upfront to prevent or reduce their impact.
  • Global initiatives to deal with disasters:
    • The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction is the global road map for reducing disaster risks and losses.
    • The time frame of this framework is 2015-2030. As we are the midpoint of this framework’s timeline, yet less has been achieved.
    • However, with a renewed sense of urgency and a people-centred approach, we can significantly reduce disaster losses by 2030.

Coalition for Disaster Resilient Infrastructure (CDRI):

  • The Coalition for Disaster Resilient Infrastructure (CDRI) is an international coalition that aims to promote disaster-resilient infrastructure.
  • It was launched by the Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi at the 2019 UN Climate Action Summit in September 2019.
  • It consists of countries, United Nations agencies, multilateral development banks, the private sector, and academic institutions.
  • The CDRI was conceptualized during the International Workshop on Disaster Resilient Infrastructure (IWDRI) in 2018-19, organized by the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) of India in partnership with various organizations.
  • The objective of the CDRI is to promote research and knowledge sharing in the fields of infrastructure risk management, standards, financing, and recovery mechanisms.
  • It aims to increase the resilience of infrastructure systems to climate and disaster risks, ensuring sustainable development.
  • The CDRI's mission is to rapidly expand the development of resilient infrastructure and retrofit existing infrastructure for resilience.
  • Some key features and goals of the CDRI include:
    • Facilitating support for resilient infrastructure in various regions, such as Africa and Asia.
    • Providing access to knowledge, technology, and capacity development.
    • Delegating experts to vulnerable countries and assisting with post-disaster recovery.
    • Assisting countries in developing resilient infrastructure based on their disaster and climate risks and resources.
    • Fostering international engagement and collaboration to promote disaster-resilient infrastructure.
    • Building resilience into infrastructure systems to ensure sustainable development.
  • India’s initiatives in the field of disaster management:
    • As a G20 President, India placed disaster management in the priorities of the group. In this capacity, India has established the first G20 Disaster Risk Reduction Working Group.
    • Priorities:
      • Expanding disaster early warning and early action systems is a top priority. Inclusive and multi-hazard early warning systems are among the most effective means of reducing disaster deaths and economic losses.
      • For example, during Cyclone Biparjoy, effective systems for end-to-end early warning and action helped achieve zero deaths from the event in India.
      • Enhancing the resilience of infrastructure to withstand climate and disaster risks is another global priority.
      • Infrastructure has a long life cycle, and if built well, can lock-in resilience as opposed to risk. That same infrastructure also becomes the lifeline of recovery during a crisis.
      • Hence, infrastructure, whether economic or social, is ultimately about people, and it must lead to sustainable development outcomes for them.
      • Failure to adopt an integrated perspective to understand risks to infrastructure, and its impact on development, has the potential to multiply losses, which disproportionately impact the poor, who subsequently take the longest time to recover.
      • Finally, developing a new approach to financing disaster risk reduction is needed to transform risk reduction plans into concrete actions.
      • This effort must be led by finance and economy ministries in collaboration with the private sector because the current funding deficit for disaster risk reduction is too large for governments to manage alone, and many of the risks generated are by the private sector.

Way Forward:

  • India has been a proactive player in the field of disaster management, both – locally and globally. The world must come together to realise the objectives of the Sendai Framework.

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