Static Topics Repository for Mains

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Art & Culture

(Access all Static Topics for Art & Culture here)


Ancient & Medieval History

(Access all Static Topics for Ancient & Medieval History here)


Modern History

  • Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues; 
    The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors/ contributions from different parts of the country-
     Click here
  • Post-independence Consolidation and Reorganization within the Country-Click here


World History

(Access all Static Topics for World History here)

  • Developments Towards World War 1 and Related Events- Click here
  • Aftermaths of World War 1 Leading to Developments of World War 2 and Related Events- Click here
  • The aftermath of World War 2 and the Cold War Era- Click here
  • Political Philosophies like Communism, Capitalism, Socialism etc.- Their Forms and Effect on the Society- Click here


Indian Society

(Access other articles for Static and Current topics of Indian Society here)

  • Role of Women and Women’s Organizations- Click here
  • Urbanization: Problems and their Remedies
  • Effects of Globalization on Indian Society- Click here



(Access all Static Topics for Geography here)




Indian Polity & Governance

(Access all Indian Polity Static Topics here)

  • Comparison of the Indian Constitutional Scheme with that of the other countries- Click here
  • Salient features of Representation of Peoples Act- Click here
  • Transparency & Accountability & Institutional & other Measures-Click here
  • Role of Civil Services in a Democracy- Click here


Social Justice

  • Govt policies & interventions for development in various sectors, and issues arising out of their design and implementation- Click here
  • Development processes and Development Industry- Click here
  • The role of NGOs in the development of India- Click here
  • The role of SHGs in the development of India- Click here
  • Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre & States & the performance of these schemes- Click here
  • Mechanisms, laws, institutions & bodies constituted for the protection & betterment of vulnerable sections- Click here
  • Issues related to the management of Social Sector/Services relating to health, education, human resources- Click here


International Relations

(Access all articles related to International Relations here)



Economic Development

(Access all other articles for Static Topics of Economy here)

  • Indian Economy and issues relating to Planning, Mobilization of Resources, Growth, Development and Employment- Click here
  • Inclusive growth and issues arising from it- Click here
  • Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management- Click here
  • Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth- Click here
  • Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc- Click here



  • Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country- Click here
  • Different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage- Click here
  • Storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints- Click here 
  • Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies- Click here
  • Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping- Click here
  • Issues of buffer stocks & food security- Click here


Science & Technology

  • Science and technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life- Click here
  • Indigenization of technology and developing new technology- Click here
  • Awareness in fields of IT and Computer- Click here
  • Awareness in fields of Nanotechnology- Click here
  • Awareness in fields of Biotechnology- Click here
  • Achievements of Indians in Science & Technology- Click here


Environment & Ecology

(Acess all Static Topics for Environment & Ecology [Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation] here)


Disaster Management

  • National Disaster Management Authority- Click here
  • NDMA Guidelines on Flood Management- Click here
  • NDMA Guidelines on Glacial Lake Outburst Floods- Click here
  • NDMA Guidelines on Drought Management- Click here
  • NDMA Guidelines on Cyclone Management- Click here


Internal Security 

  • Linkages between development and spread of extremism- Click here
  • Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security- Click here
  • Challenges to internal security through communication networks- Click here
  • The role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges- Click here
  • Security challenges and their management in border areas- Click here
  • Linkages of organized crime with terrorism- Click here

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