What's the article about?
- It talks about the implications of delayed Census in India.
- GS1: Population and related issues
- India conducts a census every 10 years, which is crucial for planning and development. However, the decennial exercise for the 2021 Census had to be postponed due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
- The government at the Centre continues to withhold political clearance, and the Home Minister has stated that the Census will take place after the 2024 general election.
- This delay has impacted the quality of all statistical surveys, including economic data, inflation, and jobs estimates.
- Reasons for Delay:
- The government may be eager to delay the Census until 2024 to evade the question of caste enumeration, which has been a topic of controversy.
- A Census after 2026 will become the basis of the next delimitation of Lok Sabha seats, which will involve inter-State redistribution of representation.
- Changes in the Citizenship Act and conflict between some States and the Centre regarding the National Population Register (NPR) have further muddied the discussions on Census.
- Digital Census:
- The next Census will be the first digital census, giving citizens an opportunity to “self-enumerate”.
- During self-enumeration, Aadhaar or mobile number will be mandatorily collected.
- Around 30 lakh government officials, including schoolteachers, will be assigned as enumerators, and each will be assigned the responsibility to collect details of about 650-800 people through both online and offline modes covering an estimated population of more than 140 crore.
- In normal course, completion of both the phases of the Census takes at least 11 months.
- The delay in the Census has impacted the quality of all statistical surveys, including economic data, inflation, and jobs estimates.
- Resource allocation under a government scheme or program is based on the Census, but if the figures are not updated, there are chances of guesswork in forming policies.
- The proposed 33% reservation for women in Parliament and Assemblies is linked to the next Census and delimitation, which adds an additional import.
- The Registration of Births and Deaths (Amendment) Act, 2023, that will come into effect on October 1, will help a centralized population register, electoral register, Aadhaar, ration card, passport, and driving license databases.
- The centrally stored data will be updated real-time without human interface leading to addition and deletion from the electoral roll when an individual turns 18 and after death, respectively.
- The Census is an important exercise and tool for the Government to run its various initiatives and welfare schemes, it should not be delayed further.
- UPSC CSE 2023 Mains Essay Paper Model Answers
- A Norwegian perspective of India’s digital journey – Leveraging Digital Public Goods to Achieve Sustainable Development Goals: Lessons from India | 15 November 2023 | UPSC Daily Editorial Analysis
- Enhancing representation, for a just electoral system – Strengthening India’s Democracy: A Path to Enhanced Representation and Accountability | 14 November 2023 | UPSC Daily Editorial Analysis
- Revamping the criminal justice system to fit the bill – Analysis of the Government’s Proposed Bills to Replace Core Criminal Laws | 11 November 2023 | UPSC Daily Editorial Analysis
- Chip off the block – PLI Schemes for Semiconductor Manufacturing | 10 November 2023 | UPSC Daily Editorial Analysis
- Taiwan, a Malacca blockade and India’s options – India’s Strategic Dilemma in the Strait of Malacca | 9 November 2023 | UPSC Daily Editorial Analysis
- The problem with the ‘70 hours a week’ line – Counterproductive Push for a 70-Hour Workweek in India | 8 November 2023 | UPSC Daily Editorial Analysis
- More light, less sound – A Festival of Lights Should Not Become a Festival of Noise: A Call for Effective Noise Pollution Control | 7 November 2023 | UPSC Daily Editorial Analysis
- Giving the urban Indian a better life – Urgent Need for Sustainable Urbanization in India | 6 November 2023 | UPSC Daily Editorial Analysis
- The IITs are overcommitted, in crisis – Looming Crisis in India’s IIT System | 4 November 2023 | UPSC Daily Editorial Analysis
- UPSC CSE 2022 Mains GS 1 Paper Model Answers
- Model Answers for UPSC CSE 2021 GS 2 Paper
- SPR 2023 | SPECIES IN NEWS
- UPSC CSE 2023 Mains GS 2 Paper Model Answers
- Model Answers for UPSC CSE 2020 GS 2 Paper
- UPSC CSE 2023 Mains GS 1 Paper Model Answers
- PDS: objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping
- Land Revenue System during British rule in India
- Govt policies & interventions for development in various sectors, and issues arising out of their design and implementation
- UPSC CSE 2022 Mains GS 2 Paper Model Answers
ART & CULTURE CASE STUDIES COMMITTEES & SUMMITS DISASTER MANAGEMENT ECONOMICS ECONOMICS PREMIUM ECONOMICS STATIC ECONOMIC SURVEY EDITORIAL ENVIRONMENT ENVIRONMENT & ECOLOGY ENVIRONMENT PREMIUM ETHICS GEOGRAPHY GEOGRAPHY PREMIUM GEOGRAPHY STATIC HEALTH HISTORY HISTORY PREMIUM HISTORY STATIC INDIAN POLITY INDIAN POLITY PREMIUM INDIAN POLITY STATIC INTEGRITY & APTITUDE INTERNAL SECURITY & DEFENSE INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS LITE SUBSCRIPTION PREMIUM MAINS MAINS CORNER PREMIUM PLUS SUBSCRIPTION PREMIUM POLITY & GOVERNANCE PRELIMS PRELIMS CURRENT AFFAIRS MAGAZINE PRO SUBSCRIPTION PREMIUM REPORTS SAMAJHO'S CORNER PREMIUM SAMAJHO ANALYSIS SAMAJHO CORNER PREMIUM SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY SELF PREPARATION SMAP ANSWER WRITING SOCIETY SPR SYLLABUS TELEGRAM