United against terror – Delhi Declaration | 31st October 2022 | UPSC Daily Editorial Analysis

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What's the article about?

  • It talks about India's international collaborative efforts to deal with terrorism.

Relevance:

  • GS2: IR- International Organisations;
  • GS3: Internal Security- Terrorism;
  • Prelims: UNSC, CTC.

What's the crux of the article?

  • India currently chairs the UN Security Council.
  • Thus India is hosting multiple Counter-Terrorism Committee (CTC) meetings on the issue of terrorism.
  • Such a meeting was held on sunday.

What is CTC?

  • It was established by Resolution 1373 (2001) on 28 September 2001.
  • Members: all 15 members of the Security Council.
  • It  monitors implementation of resolution 1373 by means of direct dialogue with each Member State.
  • It analyses States’ regular reports to the Committee, and follows up its analysis with responses that identify the areas in which States need to improve in order to achieve full implementation of the resolution.
  • The Counter-Terrorism Committee Executive Directorate (CTED) was established in 2004 to support the Committee in this work.

What is terrorism?

  • Violent, criminal acts committed by individuals and/or groups who are inspired by, or associated with, designated foreign terrorist organizations or nations (state-sponsored).

Focus areas of CTC Meetings:

  • challenges to the global counter-terrorism architecture in the light of the 26/11 attacks
  • online radicalisation and terror recruitment
  • terror financing through crypto-currency and virtual assets,
  • unmanned aerial system use including drones for terror strikes, transporting drugs and arms

Outcome of CTC Meetings

  • “Delhi Declaration on countering the use of new and emerging technologies for terrorist purposes”

What is Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism (CCIT):

  • It is an India-backed treaty which intends to criminalise all forms of international terrorism and deny terrorists, their financiers, and supporters access to funds, arms, and safe havens.
  • The convention has been under negotiation by the UN General Assembly's Ad Hoc Committee established by Resolution 51/210 of 17 December 1996 on Terrorism and the UNGA Sixth Committee (Legal), but as of 2022 consensus has not yet been reached for the adoption of the convention.

Way Forward:

  • As the Indian experience with 26/11 has shown, the global community has often been long on statements but short on cooperative action, and New Delhi will have to keep pressing the point that terrorism remains amongst the “gravest threats to humanity”.



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