Countering terror – India’s efforts for Global Counterterrorism Approach | 17th December 2022 | UPSC Daily Editorial Analysis

Please Share with maximum friends to support the Initiative.

What's the article about?

  • It discusses the UN Security Council’s special briefing on the “Global Counterterrorism Approach,” which was convened by India.


  • GS2: Important International Institutions, agencies and fora – their Structure, Mandate;
  • GS3: Security – Terrorism.

What is Counter-Terrorism Committee (CTC)?

  • It was established by Resolution 1373 (2001) on 28 September 2001.
  • Members: all 15 members of the Security Council.
  • It  monitors implementation of resolution 1373 by means of direct dialogue with each Member State.
  • It analyses States’ regular reports to the Committee, and follows up its analysis with responses that identify the areas in which States need to improve in order to achieve full implementation of the resolution.
  • The Counter-Terrorism Committee Executive Directorate (CTED) was established in 2004 to support the Committee in this work.

What is terrorism?

Violent, criminal acts committed by individuals and/or groups who are inspired by, or associated with, designated foreign terrorist organizations or nations (state-sponsored).


  • Recently a UNSC special briefing on ‘Global Counterterrorism Approach’, that was convened by India, took place.
  • This highlights the India’s efforts construct an unified global approach to counter the threats of terrorism.
  • In the briefing, External Affairs Minister S. Jaishankar listed four hurdles to better counterterrorism cooperation. These are
    • state support for financing terror
    • multilateral mechanisms that are opaque and agenda driven
    • double standards and politicisation of countering terrorism according to where terror groups belong
    • the “next frontier” (the use of emerging technologies such as drones and virtual currency by terrorists)
  • These four hurdles becomes important as the “Global War on Terrorism” and the sanctions regimes launched after 9/11 are in disarray.
  • This can be seen from two recent events:
    • First, hasty and improper withdrawal of the UNSC’s permanent members, the U.S. and the U.K. from the Afghanistan
    • Second, a P-5 country (China) continues to block the designations of Pakistan-based terrorists, including five named this year, from the LeT and the JeM.
  • Finally, instead of uniting to accept India’s proposal, of 1996, of a Comprehensive Convention on International Terror to institute global practices on countering terror, the P-5 countries are hopelessly polarised, and irrevocably so, over Russia’s war in Ukraine.

What is Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism (CCIT):

  • It is an India-backed treaty which intends to criminalise all forms of international terrorism and deny terrorists, their financiers, and supporters access to funds, arms, and safe havens.
  • The convention has been under negotiation by the UN General Assembly's Ad Hoc Committee established by Resolution 51/210 of 17 December 1996 on Terrorism and the UNGA Sixth Committee (Legal), but as of 2022 consensus has not yet been reached for the adoption of the convention.

Way Forward:

  • Given the scenario, New Delhi’s attempt at highlighting the issues during the last few weeks of its two-year UNSC tenure was apt, as it built up to the briefing with conferences in India including a UN Counter-Terrorism Committee meeting, the No Money For Terror conference, and an Interpol conference.

Please Share with maximum friends to support the Initiative.

Download the Samajho App

Join 5 lakh+ students in downloading PDF Notes for 2000+ Topics relevant for UPSC Civil Services Exam. &nbsp Samajho Android App: Samajho iOS App: &nbsp Samajho IAS Youtube Channel (300K+ Subscribers):