SPR 2021: Important Geographical Indication (GI) Tags in India

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Geographical Indication as a topic is one of the most relevant and significant for UPSC as well as many other government exams. The knowledge of the candidates in Indian diversity and regional geographical differences can be measured by asking questions on GI Tags, which UPSC has frequently done in the past. For this reason, we have provided below a state-wise compilation of Geographical Indication Tags in India


 

What is a geographical indication?

  • A geographical indication (GI) is a sign used on products that have a specific geographical origin and possess qualities, characteristics or a reputation that are due to that origin.
  • In order to function as a GI, a sign must identify a product as originating in a given place. 
  • Since the qualities depend on the geographical place of production, there is a clear link between the product and its original place of production.

What is the significance of the Geographical Indication tag?

  • You have heard of intellectual property rights like Copyright, Patent, Trademark etc. Geographical Indication Tag provides similar rights and protection to holders.
  • A geographical indication right enables those who have the right to use the indication to prevent its use by a third party whose product does not conform to the applicable standards.
  • For example, in the jurisdictions in which the Darjeeling geographical indication is protected, producers of Darjeeling tea can exclude the use of the term “Darjeeling” for tea not grown in their tea gardens or not produced according to the standards set out in the code of practice for the geographical indication.
  • However, a protected geographical indication does not enable the holder to prevent someone from making a product using the same techniques as those set out in the standards for that indication.
  • Protection for a geographical indication is usually obtained by acquiring a right over the sign that constitutes the indication. Typically, such a name conveys an assurance of quality and distinctiveness which is essentially attributable to the fact of its origin in that defined geographical locality, region or country.
  • From Switzerland’s Gruyère cheese to Mexico’s Tequila, geographical indications and appellations of origin are a common feature of everyday life.
  • They not only provide a way for businesses to leverage the value of their geographically unique products but also inform and attract consumers. 
  • Proponents of GIs regard them as strong tools for protecting their national property rights. Opponents, however, consider GIs as barriers to trade.

Who accords and regulates Geographical Indications?

  • Geographical Indications are covered as a component of intellectual property rights (IPRs) under the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property.
  • At the International level, GI is governed by the World Trade Organisation’s (WTO’s) Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS). 
  • India, as a member of the World Trade Organization (WTO), enacted the Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration & Protection)Act, 1999 has come into force with effect from 15th September 2003.
  • This tag is issued by the Geographical Indication Registry under the Department of Industry Promotion and Internal Trade, Ministry of Commerce and Industry.
  • Geographical indications are typically used for agricultural products, foodstuffs, wine and spirit drinks, handicrafts, and industrial products.
  • Darjeeling Tea was the first Indian product to get the geographical indication tag in 2004.

 


State-wise compilation of Geographical Indications


 

Andhra Pradesh

Geographical Indication 

Category

Srikalahasthi Kalamkari

Handicraft

Kondapalli Bommalu

Handicraft

Machilipatnam Kalamkari

Handicraft

Budiiti Bell & Brass Craft

Handicraft

Andhra Pradesh Leather Puppetry

Handicraft

Uppada Jamdani Sarees

Handicraft

Tirupati Laddu

Food

Guntur Sannam Chilli

Agricultural

Venkatagiri Sarees

Handicraft
Bobbili Veena

Handicraft

Mangalagiri Sarees and Fabrics

Handicraft/Textile

Dharmavaram Handloom Pattu Sarees and Paavadas

Handicraft/Textile

Bandar Laddu

Food

Udayagiri Wooden Cutlery

Handicraft

Banganapalli Mangoes

Agricultural

Durgi Stone Carvings

Handicraft

Etikoppaka Toys

Handicraft

Allagadda Stone Carvings

Handicraft

Araku Valley Arabica Coffee

Agricultural

 

Assam

Geographical Indication 

Category

Judima (homemade rice wine of Dimasa)

Drink

Assam (Orthodox) Tea

Agricultural

Muga Silk

Agricultural

Karbi Anglong Ginger

Agricultural

Tezpur Litchi

Agricultural

Joha Rice

Agricultural

Boka Chaul

Agricultural

Kaji Nemu

Agricultural

Chokuwa Rice

Agricultural

Gamosa

Handloom

 

Arunachal Pradesh

Geographical Indication 

Category

Arunachal Orange

Agricultural

Idu Mishmi Textile

Handicraft

 

Bihar

Geographical Indication 

Category

Madhubani paintings

Handicraft

Applique – Khatwa Patch Work

Handicraft

Sujini Embroidery

Handicraft

Bhagalpur Silk

Handicraft

Sikki Grass Products

Handicraft

Khatwa Patch Work Logo

Handicraft

Sikki Grass Products Logo

Handicraft

Sujini Embroidery Logo

Handicraft

Bhagalpuri Zardalu

Agricultural 

Katarni Rice

Agricultural 

Magahi Paan

Agricultural

Shahi Litchi

Agricultural

Silao Khaja

Food

 

Chhattisgarh

Geographical Indication 

Category

Bastar Dhokra

Handicraft

Bastar Wooden Craft

Handicraft

Bastar Iron Craft (Wrought Iron Craft)

Handicraft

Champa Silk Saree and Fabrics

Textile

Jeeraphool

Agricultural

Bastar Dhokra (Logo)

Handicraft

 

Goa

Geographical Indication 

Category

Fenni

Food

Khola Chilli

Agricultural

 

Gujarat

Geographical Indication

Category

Tangaliya Shawl

Handicraft

Surat Zari Craft

Handicraft

Gir Kesar Mango

Agricultural

Kutch Shawls

Handicraft

Kutch Embroidery

Handicraft

Agates of Cambay

Handicraft

Bhalia Wheat

Agricultural

Sankheda Furniture

Handicraft
Jamnagar Bandhani

Handicraft

Pethapur Printing Blocks

Handicraft

Rajkot Patola

Handicraft

Sankheda Furniture Logo

Handicraft

Kutch Embroidery Logo

Handicraft

 

Haryana

Geographical Indication

Category

Basmati

Agricultural

Phulkari*

Handicraft

*Also in Punjab and Rajasthan

 

Himachal Pradesh

Geographical Indication

Category

Kullu ShawL (Logo)

Textile

Kangra Tea

Agricultural

Chamba Rumal

Handicraft

Kinnauri Shawl

Handicraft

Kullu Shawl

Handicraft

Himachali Kaala Zeera

Agricultural

Kangra Paintings

Handicraft

Basmati

Agricultural

Himachali Chulli Oil

Agricultural

 

Jammu & Kashmir

Geographical Indication

Category

Kashmir Papier Mache

Handicraft

Kashmir Walnut Wood Carving

Handicraft

Khatamband

Handicraft

Kani Shawls

Handicraft

Kashmir Pashmina

Handicraft

Kashmir Sozani Craft

Handicraft

Kashmiri Hand-Knotted Carpet

Handicraft

Kashmir Saffron

Agricultural

Basmati

Agricultural

 

Jharkhand

Geographical Indication

Category

Sohrai- Kohbar Paintings

Handicraft

 

Karnataka

 Geographical Indication

Category

Byadgi chilli

Agricultural

Kinnal Toys

Handicraft

Mysore Agarbathi

Manufactured

Bangalore Blue Grape

Agricultural

Mysore Pak

Food/Sweets

Bangalore Rose Onion

Agricultural

Coorg orange

Agricultural

Mysore silk

Handicraft

Bidriware

Handicraft

Channapatna Toys & Dolls

Handicraft

Mysore Rosewood Inlay

Handicraft

Mysore Sandalwood Oil

Manufactured

Mysore Sandal Soap

Manufactured

Kasuti Embroidery

Handicraft

Mysore Traditional Paintings

Handicraft

Mysore betel leaf

Agricultural

Nanjanagud Banana

Agricultural

Mysore Jasmine

Agricultural

Udupi Jasmine

Agricultural

Hadagali Jasmine

Agricultural

Ilkal sare

Handicraft

Navalgund Durries

Handicraft

Karnataka Bronze Ware

Handicraft

Molakalmuru Sarees

Handicraft

Monsooned Malabar Arabica Coffee

Agricultural

Monsooned Malabar Robusta Coffee

Agricultural

Coorg Green Cardamom

Agricultural

Dharwad Pedha

Food/Sweets

Coorg Orang

Agricultural

Malabar Pepper

Agricultural

Devanahalli Pomello

Agricultural

Ganjifa Cards of Mysore

Handicraft

Appemidi Mang

Agricultural

Kamalapur Red Banana

Agricultural

Sandur Lambani Embroidery

Handicraft

Udupi Mattu Gulla Brinjal

Agricultural

Karnataka Bronzeware (Logo)

Handicraft

Ganjifa Cards of Mysore (Logo)

Handicraft

Navalgund Durries (Logo)

Handicraft

Guledgudd Khana

Handicraft

Udupi Saree

Handicraft

Mysore Silk (Logo

Handicraft

Kolhapuri Chappal

Handicraft

Coorg Arabica Coffee

Agricultural

Chikmagalur Arabica Coffee

Agricultural

Bababudangiris Arabica Coffee

Agricultural

Sirsi Supari

Agricultural

Gulbarga Tur Dal

Agricultural

 

Kerala

Geographical Indication

Category

Aranmula Kannadi

Handicraft

Alleppey Coir

Handicraft

Balaramapuram Sarees and Fine Cotton Fabrics

Handicraft/Textile

Brass broidered coconut shell craft 

Handicraft

Cannanore Home Furnishings

Handicraft

Central Travancore Jaggery

Agricultural

Chendamangalam Dhoties & Set Mundu

Clothing

Chengalikodan Banana

Agricultural

Kasaragod Sarees

Handicraft

Kuthampally dhoties and set mundu

Clothing

Maddalam of Palakkad

Handicraft

Pokkali Rice

Agricultural

Screw Pine Craft 

Handicraft

Vazhakulam Pineapple

Agricultural

Wayanad Gandhakasala Rice

Agricultural

Wayanad Jeerakasala Rice

Agricultural

Navara Rice

Agricultural

Palakkadan Matta Rice

Agricultural

Spices Alleppey Green Cardamom

Agricultural

Malabar Pepper

Agricultural

Monsooned Malabar Arabica Coffee

Agricultural

Monsooned Malabar Robusta Coffee

Agricultural

Kuthampully Sarees

Handicraft

Kaipad Rice

Agricultural

Maddalam of Palakkad Logo

Handicraft

Brass Broidered Coconut Shell Craft Logo

Handicraft

Screw Pinecraft Logo

Handicraft

Nilambur Teak

Agricultural

Wayanad Robusta Coffee

Agricultural

Marayoor Jaggery( Marayoor Sharkara)

Agricultural

Tirur Betel Leaf( Tirur Vettila)

Agricultural

Alleppey Green Cardamom

Agricultural

 

Madhya Pradesh

Geographical Indication

Category

Chanderi Fabric

Textile

Leather Toys of Indore

Handicraft

Bagh Prints 

Handicraft

Nagpur Orange

Agricultural

Bell Metal Ware of Datia and Tikamgarh (Logo)

Handicraft

Bell Metal Ware of Datia and Tikamgarh

Handicraft

Chanderi Sarees

Handicraft

Leather Toys of Indore (Logo)

Handicraft

Ratlami Sev

Food

Bagh Prints Logo

Handicraft

Jhabua Kadaknath Black Chicken Meat

Food

Maheshwar Sarees & Fabrics

Handicraft/Textile

 

Maharashtra

Geographical Indication

Category

Solapuri Chaddar

Handicraft

Solapur Terry Towel

Handicraft

Nagpur Orange

Agricultural

Puneri Pagadi

Handicraft

Nashik valley wine

Agricultural

Paithani Sarees and Fabrics

Handicraft

Mahabaleshwar Strawberry

Agricultural

Nashik Grapes

Agricultural

Kolhapur Jaggery

Agricultural

Warli Paintings

Handicraft

Ajara Ghansal Rice

Agricultural

Mangalwedha Jowar

Agricultural

Sindhudurg & Ratnagiri Kokum

Agricultural

Waghya Ghevada

Agricultural

Navapur Tur Dal

Agricultural

Vengurla Cashew

Agricultural

Lasalgaon Onion

Agricultural

Sangli Raisins

Agricultural

Beed Custard Apple

Agricultural

Jalna Sweet Orange

Agricultural

Waigaon Turmeric

Agricultural

Purandar Fig

Agricultural

Jalgaon Bharit Brinjal

Agricultural

Solapur Pomegranate

Agricultural

Bhiwapur Chilli

Agricultural

Ambemohar Rice

Agricultural

Dahanu Gholvad Chikoo

Agricultural

Jalgaon Banana

Agricultural

Marathwada Kesar Mango

Agricultural

Karvath Kati Sarees and Fabrics

Handicraft

Alphonso Mango

Agricultural

Sangli Turmeric

Agricultural

Kolhapuri Chappal

Handicraft

 

Manipur

Geographical Indication

Category

Shaphee Lanphee

Textile

Wangkhei Phee

Textile

Moirang Phee

Textile

Kachai Lemon

Agricultural

Chak Hao

Agricultural

Black Rice (Cha-Khao)

Agricultural

 

Meghalaya

Geographical Indication

Category

Khasi Mandarin

Agricultural

Memong Narang

Agricultural

 

Mizoram

Geographical Indication

Category

Mizo Chilli

Agricultural

Pawndum

Handicraft

Ngotekherh

Handicraft

Hmaram

Handicraft

Tawlhlohpuan

Handicraft

Mizo Puanchei

Handicraft

 

Nagaland

Geographical Indication

Category

Naga Mircha

Agricultural

Naga Tree Tomato

Agricultural

Chakshesang Shawl

Handicraft

 

Odisha

Geographical Indication

Category

Kotpad Handloom fabric

Handicraft

Orissa Ikat

Handicraft

Konark Stone Carving

Handicraft

Gopalpur Tussar cloth

Handicraft

Pattachitra

Handicraft

Pipili Applique Work

Handicraft

Khandua Saree and Fabrics

Handicraft

Gopalpur Tussar Fabrics

Handicraft

Ganjam Kewda Rooh

Agricultural

Ganjam Kewda Flower

Agricultural

Dhalapathar Parda & Fabrics

Handicraft

Sambalpuri Bandha Saree & Fabrics

Handicraft

Bomkai Saree & Fabrics

Handicraft

Habaspuri Saree & Fabrics

Handicraft

Berhampur Patta (Phoda Kumbha) Saree& Joda

Handicraft

Odisha Pattachitra (Logo)

Handicraft

Araku Valley Arabica Coffee

Agricultural

Kandhamal Haladi

Agricultural

Odisha Rasagolla

Sweets/Food

 

Punjab

Geographical Indication

Category

Basmati

Agricultural

Phulkari

Handicraft

 

Rajasthan

Geographical Indication

Category

Sojat Mehandi

Agricultural

Kota Doria

Handicraft

Blue Pottery of Jaipur

Handicraft

Molela Clay Work

Handicraft

Kathputlis 

Handicraft

Sanganeri Hand Block Printing

Handicraft

Bikaneri Bhujia

Food

Kota Doria (Logo)

Handicraft

Phulkari

Handicraft

Bagru Hand Block Print

Handicraft

Thewa Art Work

Handicraft

Makrana marble

Manufactured

Molela Clay Work (Logo)

Handicraft

Blue Pottery of Jaipur Logo

Handicraft

Kathputlis (Logo)

Handicraft

Pokaran Pottery

Handicraft

 

Sikkim

Geographical Indication

Category

Dalle khursani (Red cherry pepper chilli)

Agricultural

Large Cardamom

Agricultural

 

Tamil Nadu

Geographical Indication

Category

Salem Fabric

Handicraft

Kancheepuram Silk

Handicraft

Bhavani Jamakkalam

Handicraft

Madurai Sungudi

Handicraft

Coimbatore Wet Grinder

Manufactured

Thanjavur Paintings

Handicraft

Temple Jewellery of Nagercoil

Handicraft

Thanjavur Art Plate

Handicraft

East India Leather

Manufactured

Salem silk

Handicraft

Kovai Cora Cotton

Handicraft

Arani Silk Handicraft

Handicraft

Swamimalai Bronze Icons

Handicraft

Eathomozhy Tall Coconut

Agricultural

Thanjavur Doll Handicraft

Handicraft

Nilgiri(Orthodox) Logo

Agricultural

Virupakshi Hill Banana

Agricultural

Sirumalai Hill Banana

Agricultural

Madurai Malli

Agricultural
Pattamadai Pai (‘Pattamadai Mat’) Handicraft

Nachiarkoil Kuthuvilakku (‘Nachiarkoil Lamp’)

Handicraft

Chettinad Kottan

Handicraft

Toda Embroidery

Handicraft
Thanjavur Veenai Handicraft

Malabar Pepper

Agricultural
Thanjavur Art Plate Logo Handicraft
Swamimalai Bronze Icons Logo Handicraft
Temple Jewellery of Nagercoil Logo Handicraft
Mahabalipuram Stone Sculpture Handicraft
Erode Manjal(Erode Turmeric) Agricultural

Thirubuvanam Silk Sarees

Handicraft
Kodaikanal Malai Poondu Agricultural

Seeraga Samba Rice

Agricultural

Palani Panchamirtham

Food

Dindigul Locks

Manufactured
Kandangi Sarees Handicraft

Sirivilliputtur Palakova

Food/Sweets

Kovilpatti Kadalai Mittai

Food/Sweets

Thanjavur Pith Works

Handicraft

Arumbavur Wood Carvings

Handicraft

 

Telangana

Geographical Indication

Category

Pochampally Ikat

Handicraft

Silver Filigree of Karimnagar

Handicraft

Nirmal toys and craft

Handicraft

Nirmal furniture

Handicraft

Nirmal paintings

Handicraft

Gadwal Sarees

Handicraft

Hyderabadi Haleem

Food

Cheriyal Paintings

Handicraft

Pembarthi Metal Craft

Handicraft

Siddipet Gollabhama

Handicraft

Narayanpet Handloom Sarees

Handicraft

Banaganapalle Mangoes

Agricultural

Pochampally Ikat Logo

Handicraft

Adilabad Dokra

Handicraft

Warangal Durries

Handicraft

 

Tripura

Geographical Indication

Category

Tripura Queen Pineapples

Agricultural

 

Uttar Pradesh

Geographical Indication

Category

Allahabad Surkha

Agricultural

Lucknow Chikan Craft

Handicraft

Mango Malihabadi Dusseheri

Agricultural

Banaras Brocades and Sarees

Handicraft

Banaras Brocades and Sarees (Logo)

Handicraft

Hand made Carpet of Bhadohi

Handicraft

Agra Durrie

Handicraft

Farrukhabad Prints

Handicraft

Lucknow Zardozi

Handicraft

Kalanamak Rice

Agricultural

Firozabad Glass

Handicraft

Kannauj Perfume

Manufactured

Kanpur Saddlery

Manufactured

Moradabad Metal Craft

Handicraft

Saharanpur Wood Craft

Handicraft

Handmade Carpets of Mirzapur

Handicraft

Handmade Carpets of Banaras

Handicraft

Agra Petha

Sweets/Food

Mathura Peda

Sweets/Food

Nizamabad black clay pottery

Handicraft

Varanasi Wooden Lacquerware & Toys

Handicraft

Meerut Scissors

Handicraft

Khurja Pottery

Handicraft

Banaras Gulabi Meenakari Craft

Handicraft

Mirzapur Handmade Dari

Handicraft

Basmati

Agricultural

Banaras Metal Repouse Craft

Handicraft

Varanasi Glass Beads

Handicraft

Ghazipur Wall Hangings

Handicraft

Varanasi Soft Stone Jali Work

Handicraft

Chunar Balua Patthar

Handicraft

Gorakhpur Terracotta

Handicraft

 

Uttarakhand

Geographical Indication

Categories

Basmati

Agricultural

 

West Bengal

Geographical Indication

Categories

Darjeeling Tea (word & logo)

Agricultural

Nakshi Kantha

Handicraft

Laxman Bhog Mango

Agricultural

Himsagar(Khirsapati Mango)

Agricultural

Fazli Mango

Agricultural

Santipore Saree

Handicraft

Baluchari Saree

Handicraft

Dhaniakhali Saree

Handicraft

Santiniketan Leather Goods

Handicraft

Joynagar Moa

Food/Sweet

Bardhaman Sitabhog

Food/Sweet

Bardhaman Mihidana

Food/Sweet

Gobindobhog Rice

Agricultural

Tulapanji Rice

Agricultural

Bangla Rasogolla

Food/Sweet

Bankura Panchmura Terracotta Craft

Handicraft

Bengal Dokra

Handicraft

Bengal Patachitra

Handicraft

Purulia Chau Mask

Handicraft

Wooden Mask of Kushmandi

Handicraft

Madur Kathi

Handicraft

 



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