Syllabus for Dogri Literature Optional

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UPSC Dogri Literature

UPSC offers Dogri as an optional subject in the UPSC Civil Services Mains Exam. Dogri has a rich literature and tradition of translations, original works like dramas, poetry, and philosophy.  The paper has to be written in the Devanagari script. Candidates who are proficient in Dogri and have studied it as a part of their curriculum or have learned Dogri as their mother tongue should take up this optional. 

Syllabus for Dogri Literature Optional Paper-I

Section-A History of Dogri Language

  • Dogri language: Origin and development through different stages.
  • Linguistic boundaries of Dogri and its dialects.
  • Characteristic features of Dogri language.
  • Structure of Dogri Language :
    • Sound Structure: Segmental: Vowels and Consonants Non-Segmental: Length, Stress, Nasalization, Tone, and Juncture.
    • Morphology of Dogri :
      • Inflection Categories: Gender, Number, Case, Person, Tense, and Voice.
      • Word Formation: use of prefixes, infixes, and suffixes.
      • Vocabulary: Tatsam, tadbhav, foreign, and regional.
    • Sentence Structure : Major Sentence – types and their constituents, agreement, and concord in Dogri syntax.
  • Dogri Language and Scripts: Dogre/ Dogra Akkhar, Devanagari, and Persian.


  • History of Dogri Literature :
    • A brief account of Pre-independence Dogri Literature: Poetry & Prose.
    • Development of modern Dogri Poetry and main trends in Dogri Poetry.
    • Development of Dogri short-story, main trends & prominent short-story writers.
    • Development of Dogri Novel, main trends & contribution of Dogri Novelists.
    • Development of Dogri Drama & contribution of prominent Playwrights.
    • Development of Dogri Prose: Essays, Memoirs & Travelogues.
    • An introduction to Dogri Folk literature – Folk songs, Folk tales & Ballads.
Syllabus for Dogri Literature Optional Paper-II

 Section A: Poetry

  • Azadi Paihle Di Dogri Kavita. The following poets: Devi Ditta, Lakkhu, Ganga Ram , Ramdhan, Hargett, Pahari Gandhi Baba Kanshi Ram & Permanend Almast.
  • Modern Dogri PoetryAzadi Bad Di Dogri Kavita
    • The following poets: Kishan Smai puri, Tara Smailpuri, Mohan Lal Sapolia, Yash Sharma, K.S. Madhukar, Padma Sachdev, Jitendra Udhampuri, Charan Singh and Prakash Premi.
  • Shiraz Dogri Number 102, GhazalAnk.
    • The following poets: Ram Lal Sharma, Ved Pal Deep, N.D. Jamwal, Shiv Ram Deep, Ashwini Magotra, and Virendra Kesar.
  • Sheeraza Dogri Number 147, GhazalAnk.
    • The following poets: R.N. Shastri , Ji tendra Udhampur i , Champa Sharma, and Darshan Darshi.
    • Ramayan (Epic) by Shambhu Nath Sharma (up to Ayodhya Kand).
    • Veer Gulab (Khand Kavya) by Dinoo Bhai Pant.


  • Prose
  • Ajakani Dogri Kahani The following short story writers: Madan Mohan Sharma, Narendra Khajuria, and B.P. Sathe.
  • Ajakani Dogri Kahani Part-II The following Short Story writers: Ved Rahi, Narsingh Dev Jamwal, Om Goswami, Chhattrapal, Lalit Magotra, Chaman Arora, and Ratan Kesar.
  • Khatha Kunj Bhag II The following Story writers: Om Vidyarthi, Champa Sharma, and Krishan Sharma.
  • Meet Patthar (collection of short stories) by Bandhu Sharma.
  • Kaiddi (Novel) by Desh Bandhu Dogra Nutan
  • Nanga Rukkh (Novel) by O.P. Sharma Sarathi.
  • Nayana (Drama) by Mohan Singh.
  • Satrang (A collection of one-act plays)
    • The following pay wrights :
      • VishwaNathKhajuria, Ram Nath Shastri, Jitendra Sharma, Lalit Magotra, and Madan Mohan Sharma.
    • Dogri Lalit Nibandh
      • The following authors: Vishwa Nath Khajuria, Narayan Mishra, Balkrishan Shastri, Shiv Nath, Shyam Lal Sharma, Lakshmi Narayan, D.C. Prashant, Ved Ghai, Kunwar Viyogi.


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