UPSC Daily Editorial Analysis | History Bites The Dust | CAG | Heritage Conservation | 1st September, 2022

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What the article is about:

  • The article talks about CAG report on pitiable state of heritage conservation 


  • Prelims
  • GS1: Indian heritage sites.
  • GS2: constitutional bodies.


  • The CAG’s report on the state of India’s heritage showed the poor state of our monuments and antiquities.
  • CAG:
    • CAG is an independent authority under the Constitution of India.
    • He is the head of the Indian audit & account department and chief Guardian of Public purse.
    • Article 148 broadly deals with the CAG appointment, oath and conditions of service.

Key observations of the 2022 report 

  • There is no national policy on archeological exploration and excavation.
  • ASI has estimated some 58 lakh plus antiquities all over India, but there is no database or inventory in its possession.
  • ASI budget for exploration and excavation is less than 1 percent.
  • There is no synergy between the different agencies involved in heritage conservation..
  • The National culture fund established in 1996, has utilised only 14% of its funds because of the lack of coordination with the ASI.
  • National Culture Fund:
    • NCF was established as Trust under Charitable Endowment Act, 1890 as funding mechanism distinct from existing sources and patterns of funding for arts and culture in India.
    • It aims at inviting individuals as well as private institutions in the task of promoting, protecting and preserving India’s cultural heritage.
  • ASI (Archeological survey of India):
    • ASI, under the Ministry of Culture, is the premier organization for the archaeological research and protection of the cultural heritage of the nation.
    • It was founded in 1861 by Alexander Cunningham- the first Director-General of ASI. Alexander Cunningham is also known as the “Father of Indian Archaeology”.


  • To preserve the heritage of India there is need of better coordination among various agencies established for this purpose.
  • There is need to develop a national digital database for all the antiquities of India, along with it, more financial allocation needs to be done for conservation of our heritage.

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