Yojana Magazine: June 2023 | INDIA – Gifting Holistic Well-being to the World

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 June 2023 Yojana | INDIA – Gifting Holistic Well-being to the World

Mission LiFE- Life Style for Environment

“This word is LIFE, which means 'Lifestyle for Environment. Today, there is a need for all of us to come together and take Lifestyle for Environment forward as a campaign. This can become a mass movement towards an environmentally conscious lifestyle.” – Narendra Modi, Prime Minister of India

What is Mission LiFe?

  • Mission LiFE is an India-led global mass movement to nudge individual and community action to protect and preserve the environment.
  • At the 26th session of the Conference of the Parties (COP26) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) held in Glasgow, India shared the mantra of LiFE – Lifestyle for Environment – to combat climate change.
  • India is the first country to include LiFE in its Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs).


  • Mission LiFE seeks to translate the vision of LiFE into measurable impact.
  • Mission LiFE is designed with the objective to mobilise at least one billion Indians and other global citizens to take individual and collective action for protecting and preserving the environment during 2022-2027.
  • Within India, at least 80% of all villages and urban local bodies are aimed to become environment-friendly by 2028.
  • It aims to nudge individuals and communities to practice a lifestyle that is synchronous with nature and does not harm it. Those who practice such lifestyle are recognized as ‘Pro Planet People’.

Ayush Unveiling the Science of Life for Holistic Health and Well-being


  • India, known for its rich cultural heritage, has bestowed upon the world a precious treasure in the form of Ayush system of healthcare that has stood the test of time.
  • Ayush represents a comprehensive approach to healthcare that encompasses ancient wisdom and holistic healthcare practices. It has been an integral part of the healthcare system for centuries.
  • Ayush emphasises a personalised approach to health and well-being, balancing the body, mind, and spirit through a combination of exercise, diet, lifestyle modifications, therapeutic drugs, and treatment practices.
  • The Ayush systems, especially Ayurveda are often referred to as the 'Science of Life, which is deeply rooted in ancient Indian knowledge.
  • While Ayush has a strong foundation in traditional wisdom and experience, there has been increasing interest in scientifically exploring its efficacy and safety through evidence- based studies.
  • The Ministry of Ayush is actively engaged in promoting the scientificity of Ayush systems of healthcare.
  • The aim is to bridge the gap between traditional knowledge and contemporary scientific evidence, ensuring the integration of Ayush into evidence-based healthcare practices.


  • The Ministry of Ayush has setup five Research Councils as Autonomous Institute for undertaking research in Ayurveda, Homoeopathy, Unani, siddha, Yoga, and Naturopathy.
  • The research activities by the Councils are undertaken through peripheral institutes/ centres/ units all over India and also through collaborative studies with various universities, hospitals and institutes.
  • The research activities of the Councils include medicinal plant research (Medico-ethno botanical survey, pharmacognosy and tissue culture), Drug standardisation Pharmacological Research, Clinical Research, Literary Research & outreach activities.
  • They also develop protocols, and collaborate with national and international research organisations to promote scientific investigations in Ayush.
  • The Ministry of Ayush also provides financial support for research projects through its Research Councils, National Institutes, and various schemes.
  • In addition, MoA is involved in establishing and implementing quality standards for Ayush products, ensuring their safety, efficacy, and standardisation.
  • During the Global Ayush Investment and Innovation summit held in 2022, the Prime Minister announced the launching of Ayush mark to recognise Traditional Medicine products which will give the authenticity to quality Ayush products of the country.
  • The Ministry is also working in collaboration with Bureau of Indian standards to develop standards for Medical Value Travel.
  • Ayush Vertical at BIS will enable Ayush to develop standards and make stronger presence in ISO that would help in penetration in global markets at over 165 countries through ISO standards route.
  • The Ministry of Ayush promotes the dissemination of research findings through peer-reviewed journals and publications.
  • The Ministry focuses on capacity building by organising training programmes, workshops, and conferences for researchers, clinicians, and stakeholders in the Ayush sector.
  • The Ministry of Ayush works towards integrating Ayush systems with modern healthcare practices.
    • The National Health Policy (NHP) 2017 has strongly advocated mainstreaming the potential of Ayush within a pluralistic system of Integrative healthcare. It re-emphasises the need for integrating Ayush in the National Health Mission, research, and education.
    • Successful models of Integrative medicine in National Health care delivery and tertiary health setups includes NPCDCs, NRHM, NIMHANs, Functional integration, and cross referrals in tertiary health care setups (safdarjung hospital), Integration of Ayush systems into the RCH, CIMR, AIIMs, NCI Jhajjar, etc.
  • The WHO-Global Centre for Traditional Medicine, the first and only global out posted Centre (office) for traditional medicine across the globe is being established with the support of the Government of India in Jamnagar.


  • Here are some examples of how Ayush approaches the grey areas of research and tackles healthcare challenges:
    • Exploring traditional Knowledge: Ayush systems, deeply rooted in ancient wisdom, possess a wealth of traditional knowledge that can offer insights and potential solutions to existing healthcare challenges. Ayush research aims to explore and validate this traditional knowledge, tapping into the wisdom accumulated over centuries to find innovative approaches to health and well-being.
    • Integrating Modern Scientific Methods: Ayush recognises the importance of integrating modern scientific methods and evidence- based practices into its research. By adopting rigorous scientific methodologies, including clinical trials, observational studies, and systematic reviews, Ayush endeavours to bridge the gap between traditional knowledge and contemporary scientific standards.
    • Addressing Unmet healthcare needs: Ayush focuses on addressing unmet healthcare needs, particularly in areas where modern medicine may have limitations. By exploring the grey areas where existing healthcare approaches fall short; Ayush aims to provide innovative solutions and complementary therapies to fill these gaps. For example, Brahmi Ghrita and Jyotishmati Taila in the management of Cognitive Deficit.
    • Promoting Lifestyle Modification: Ayush promotes a healthy lifestyle including Yoga, meditation, dietary guidelines, and natural remedies.
    • Predictive, Preventive, and Personalized Medicine: Ayush recognizes that health is influenced by multiple factors like physical, mental, spiritual, and emotional aspects. It thus fosters a comprehensive and personalized approach to healthcare.


  • Ayush system of healthcare forms an important part of the pluralistic foundation of healthcare in India on the principle of Swasthyasya Swasthya Rakshanam.
  • Ayush healthcare system is complying with WHO’s strategic objectives for achieving the 4As to Universal health Coverage – Accessibility, Affordability, Availability, and Acceptability.
  • Also, the efforts of the Ministry of Ayush are in line with the sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) of the United Nations.
    • Ayush plays an important role in achieving Zero Hunger (SDG 2) through POSHAN (Prime Minister’s Overarching scheme for Holistic Nutrition) Abhiyaan under which the Ministry of Ayush is coordinating with the Ministry of WCD.
    • Ayush healthcare diligently works towards Good Health and Well-Being (sDG 3) and Reduced
      Inequalities (SDG 10) through National AYUsH Mission (NAM), integrated health programmes and AHWCs, simultaneously targeting health inequity and out-of-pocket expenditure.
    • With the utilisation of herbal medicines and resources of nature, Ayush has always supported SDG 11-sustainable cities and communities.
    • Partnership for the Goals (SDG 17) is one sDG that is achieved through Ayush in India, by promoting partnerships between different healthcare systems and exchange of knowledge and expertise.
  • The emerging concept of ‘One World One Health’ emphasises the need for collaboration and coordination among various sectors and stakeholders to address global health challenges


  • Ayush has always played an important part in the Indian and global healthcare system and for providing quality healthcare services to all, which is affordable and accessible. supporting the same vision, Ayush’s focus on the areas of research and innovative solutions reflects its commitment to addressing healthcare challenges and improving overall well-being.

Yoga for Global Well-being


  • India’s presidency at the G20 provides a platform for the country to shareits rich cultural heritage, including the practice of yoga, with the rest of the world.
  • By promoting the practice of yoga, India can build bridges between different cultures and develop greater understanding and respect for diversity.
  • This practice can help to promote physical and mental well- being, which is critical for individuals to thrive and contribute to society.
  • Moreover, yoga can also contribute to global well-being by promoting peace and harmony, environmental sustainability, social harmony, cultural awareness, and unity in diversity.


  • Yoga, through the teachings of Yama and Niyama, encourages practitioners to cultivate a sense of inner peace and contentment, which can lead to more peaceful and harmonious relationships with others.
  • The principles of Ahimsa (non-violence) and Santosha (contentment) are vital in creating a harmonious society that values not just individual fulfilment but also the well-being of others.
    • Ahimsa teaches us to avoid harming any living being, while Santosha reminds us to find contentment and happiness within ourselves rather than constantly seeking external validation.
  • Yoga will also play a vital role in promoting environmental sustainability.
  • One of the fundamental principles of yoga is Aparigraha, or non-possessiveness, which teaches us to use what is necessary and to leave the rest for others. This concept can be applied to
    our consumption patterns and lifestyle choices, encouraging us to reduce our environmental impact and prioritise sustainability.


  • Hatha Yoga is one of the most popular forms of yoga that focuses more on the physical aspects
    of the practice.
  • It consists of various practices such as Shatkarmas, Yogasana, Pranayama, Mudras & Bandhas, and Dhyana.
    • Shatkarmas – Shatkarmas, also known as purificatory practices, are essential in Hatha Yoga as they help to cleanse the body and prepare it for further practices. There are six primary shatkarmas with various subdivisions, but one can practice a few selected practices regularly.
    • Yogasana – Yogasana, or psycho-physical postures, are performed after the body is detoxified by various cleansing practices. Traditionally, it is believed that there are 84 lakhs different yogasanas, but the Hatha Yogic text explains 32 yogasanas that are essential.
    • Pranayama – Pranayama, or breath regulation, is one of the most important practices of yoga. Once the body is detoxified and stabilised through shatkarma and yogasana respectively, the role of pranayama comes into play. Traditionally, there are eight different types of pranayama called the Ashta Kumbhaka, which help in opening the subtle channels carrying vital energy throughout the body.
    • Mudra & Bandha – These practices are used to control and channelise prana in the body.
      Mudras are body gestures, and bandhas are psychic locks that aid in maintaining the proper flow of prana in the body, leading to various health benefits.
    • Dhyana – Dhyana, or meditation, is the most important practice of yoga. Dhyana is a state of complete stillness of the mind, that helps in developing the inherent capabilities of the human mind.


  • Maharishi Patanjali envisaged restraints and observances that have the potential to help people
    and nations to deal with global challenges and help the world to achieve the 2030 UN sustainable Development Goals.
  • Yoga can also help to promote cultural awareness and diversity; IDY celebrations go beyond the grand gatherings and into people’s hearts and minds.
  • It is an art and science of life that originated in India, but it has now spread all over the world.
  • Its practice can promote cultural awareness and diversity, leading to a more tolerant and accepting world.


  • Yoga is an excellent tool for global well-being. Its numerous benefits, including stress reduction,
    improved mental clarity and focus, physical health, mindfulness, and spirituality, make it a valuable practice for anyone seeking to improve their overall well-being.

Role of Meditational Approaches in Mental Well-Being


  • The foundation of our good health is the sustenance of a life force or our staying alive. When it leaves the human body, everything stops. The human body stops functioning.
  • As long as life existed inside the body, even with illnesses, accidents, injuries, pains, and stresses, the human being survived.
  • The yogis say the food for the soul is ‘Grace’ and ‘Prana’ from the ‘Source’. That can be activated by a prayerful impulse from the heart, and a Spiritual Guide who can divert that Grace to our heart.
  • Meditational approaches are known to thus create significant improvements in mental health and well-being, and emotional resilience.
  • The World Health Organization defines health as a state of complete well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.
  • Hippocrates’ Science of Medicine sets the goal of medicine as the complete removal of the distress of the sick.


  • Despite significant advancements in modern science, ancient medical techniques reveal secrets unknown to medical science.
  • The alternative system of medicine exists in ancient civilizations like Egypt and China.
  • Some ideas in alternative systems like Ayurveda and Naturopathy are mind-boggling. For instance, the time of the day a herb is procured, treated, and consumed has significant like Tulsi leaves can become poisonous if plucked at night.


  • Holistic well-being can be ensured only by therapies or processes that ensure the health of the whole being, comprising the body, mind, and soul.
  • A human being has limbs outside and many organs inside, and all these must be synchronised in a healthy pattern of living.
  • Healing is what restores health. Healing is not restricted to healing the body but includes the mind and emotions as well.
  • It is not only the healing of the individual but the healing of the whole of the humanity, the whole of the planet is needed.
  • In the early history of the planet, those with the strongest muscles were considered the healthiest and survived best. Later on, intellectual strength gave the best chance of survival.
  • Today, and in the future, the person with the purest and strong heart will have the best health and will survive the best.


  • The foundation of our good health is the sustenance of a life force or our staying alive.
  • The thing that makes us stay alive is called by different names in different cultures — rooh, soul, atman, etc.
  • A better use of the heart is to  love better, to forgive more, and to be more generous and kinder, expand our consciousness, and this automatically results in improved health.


  • The Upanishads describe the koshas as the five layers of awareness, starting
    with the physical body and moving deeper, inward, to the deepest layer of our soul or
    innermost self.
  • The practice of yoga and meditation helps us experience these layers and brings us closer to understanding them in the real essence, thereby discovering our own true inner selves.
  • The five koshas are as follows:
    • Annamaya kosha (food) – This outermost kosha takes care of the sustenance for the physical body.
    • Pranamaya kosha (energy) – This kosha regulates the flow of prana, or lifeforce energy.
    • Manomaya kosha (mind) – It is the kosha that gives us awareness of our thoughts and emotions.
    • Vijnanamaya kosha (intuition) – This kosha is connected to an intuitively-deeper level that gives access to spiritual wisdom.
    • Anandamaya kosha (bliss) – This is the deepest layer and the scriptures refer to this as the true inner self, that gives us joy and love.


  • Internal hygiene is important to prevent mental illnesses. If the inner hygiene is hijacked by weaknesses: One cannot sleep well; He/she cannot attain wisdom; An individual loses his power of discriminating between right and wrong or good and bad.
  • Many health problems can be solved by natural adjustments in diet and exercise and adopting meditative and prayerful attitude.
  • A simple natural meditation can be practiced easily with heartfulness. Moreover, natural improvement in self-discipline and lifestyle has multiple cascading benefits.


  • Meditation is the Vaccine for Mental and Emotional Health and a simple natural meditation like heartfulness, is practiced easily because it is aided by yogic transmission or Pranahuti.
  • The Heartfulness-cleaning process enables us to reduce our daily levels of stress and tension.
  • By developing the skill of connecting oneself to the divine light in the heart before sleep, we get into a habit of reconnecting to the heart every time we change our activity.
  • Heartfulness relaxation and Heartfulness polarity processes are used even by children who are too young to do long-term meditation.

Basics of Healthy Lifestyle


  • Every diet needs to be personalised to address food sensitivities. This not only ensures that you control your portions but also that you have the right amount of food from each food group. Research shows that those who plate all their food instead of going for second and third, eat 14 per cent less.
  • Many behavioural issues occur due to deep-seated emotional problems and unresolved conflicts.
  • Check your diet, exercise, thoughts, and habitslike addiction, cravings, alcohol, eating disorders, etc., that conflict with your health goals. Do not succumb to social pressures. Learn the art of saying ‘no’. Find desirable alternatives.


  • A diet rich in vegetables, fruits, protein, good fats, fermented foods, fibre, and phytonutrients.
  • Limit grains, sugar, salt, and say no to trans fats. An easy tool to get you there is to follow the half plate rule.


  • Always pre-plate your food. Put all the food that you want to eat on your plate at once, so that you can see exactly what you are eating.
  • Research shows that those who plate all their food instead of going for second and third, eat 14 per cent less. The traditional Indian thali or the Japanese bento box is a great representation of
  • Now, aim for the ‘half-plate’ rule. Half your plate should be full of vegetables. Divide the rest of it
    with foods from the other food groups and use grains or cereals as a side dish. Not a filler.
  • Adequate amounts of protein should be included in the form of pulses, dals, nuts, low-fat dairy, eggs, lean meat, chicken, and fish.


  • Eating better is about choosing foods that have a high nutrient density, from fruits and vegetables to whole grains and proteins.


  • Sleep early, giving your gut the time to brea down the food you eat in the most efficient manner
    possible. This will not just provide a healthy amount of nutrition but a good gap between a meal and bedtime will help you sleep better.
  • As mentioned before, the timing of meals is critical to good health.
  • Eat between the hours of 7 am and 7 pm, according to the natural circadian rhythm of day and night. In other words, ‘Eat during the working hours of your system!’


  • Eating slowly has a number of benefits.
  • First, the digestive process actually starts in the mouth, so chewing slowly and chewing well improves digestion.
  • Second, it gives the gut the time (about twenty minutes) it needs to register satiation levels.


  • Keep up your motivation – Stop making excuses and assume full responsibility for your weight, make yourself feel important, focus on yourself without feeling guilty, develop a positive association with the kind of clothes that you would love to wear, divert your mind from food by being busy or away from home, talking to your friends, or going out etc.
  • Set Goals – that are reasonable and realistic goals, have short-term and long-term goals. Achieve your ideal Body Mass Index (BMI) and aim for a flat belly etc.
  • Plan Your Eating Regimen – Plan your meals and snacks in advance. Snack smart. Make sure your dinner time falls between 6.30 and 8 pm. If you find that it is getting late, keep your dinner light etc.
  • Practise Mindful Eating – Maintain a food diary. Increase your awareness. Don't fool yourself by focusing on all the food that you did not eat and feeling sorry for yourself.
  • Be Food-Wise – Train your palate. Eating healthy and increasing your intake of raw vegetables and vegetable juices substantially can help you train your palate. Try out different cuisines.
    Don't Live Against the Clock- Stick to a regular schedule. Eat 2-3 hours before you go to bed.
  • Shop Smart – Plan your shopping in advance, Go organic whenever possible; choose organically or locally grown foods.
  • Exercise – Engage in regular physical activity for at least 45 minutes, ideally 60 minutes, on most days of the week.
  • Manage Stress – Five to ten minutes (during any time of the day) of regular meditation can help you gain control and clarity of thought.
  • Have Regular Health Checkups – These should include a thorough physical examination, blood pressure measurement, and assessment of blood glucose level, fasting lipid profile, body composition, diet, exercise habits, and stress levels.
  • Check Medication – Continue taking your supplements under the supervision of a qualified practitioner.
  • Don't Be Tech-Shy – Log on to authentic, reliable websites and online weight-management portals like theweightmonitor.com, etc., to help you through your journey, but be careful not to fall into the fad-diet trap.
  • Your Mind Counts Too – Check your diet, exercise, thoughts, and habits like addiction, cravings, alcohol, eating disorders, etc, that conflict with your health goals. Work to correct these and seek professional help if necessary.
  • Be the Change – Good eating habits are infectious. You should take the lead and be an example for your family and friends. Do not succumb to social pressures. Learn the art of saying ‘no’. Find desirable alternatives.
  • Remember – It is the journey, not the destination. There is no miracle or permanent diet solution for weight management. The benefits will last as long as you follow healthy habits. The only permanent, sustainable approach is to make eating healthy a way of life.


  • The only permanent, sustainable approach is to make eating healthy a way of life.


Direct Benefit Transfer in India – a Globle Role Model


  • Launched about a decade ago as a transformative programme in public service delivery using modern Information and Communication Technology, the Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) has expanded to over 300 Central schemes and more than 2000 State schemes by April 2023.
  • The DBT has been a force multiplier in facilitating the transfer of social safety net payments directly from the Government to beneficiaries’ bank accounts, helping reduce leakages, curb corruption, and provide a tool to effectively reach households to increase coverage.
  • DBT paradigm marks a quantum leap in terms of the accomplishment of the stated vision of Fundamental Rights and the Directive Principles of State Policy.
  • DBT gives more teeth to Article 21 by efficiently and efficaciously implementing schemes to address issues like inequalities in income, opportunities and resources, strengthening the health, and securing right to work and public assistance to those in need – all elements of the Directive Principles of State Policy.


  • The Economic Survey 2015-16 observed that growth needs to be complemented with active government support to improve the economic lives of the poor and vulnerable, and achieve equity.
  • Moreover, it showed that in several price subsidies that governments offer, rich households benefit more from the subsidies than do poor households (say, in the case of electricity, water, or fuel subsidies).
  • Thus, distortions are created in the market that ultimately hurt the poor the most.
  • Further, on account of their leakages not only are direct wastages created, but opportunity costs of how the government could have otherwise deployed those resources also pile up.
  • Against these backdrops, the survey held that the benefit that price subsidies seek to create for the poor can be directly transferred to the poor through lump-sum income transfers.


  • The DBT was originally envisaged as a scheme, where the welfare benefits provided by the Government are directly credited to the bank or postal account of the accurately identified beneficiary.
  • It was launched about a decade ago as a transformative programme in public service delivery using modern Information & Communication Technology.
  • Till date, the DBT in India not only entails cash support to eligible beneficiaries but also in-kind transfers to them, covering over 300 Central and more than 2000 State schemes.
  • Widely known include farmer income support programmes like the Pradhan Mantri Klsan Samman Nidhi (PM KISAN), pensions for the old aged, Divyangjan, widows, etc.
  • The DBT has been a force multiplier in facilitating the transfer of social safety net payments directly from the govt to beneficiaries’ bank accounts, helping reduce leakages, curb corruption and provide a tool to effectively reach households to increase coverage.
  • The World Bank (2022) also recognised the need for countries to back the DBT-styled public interventions into action plans for disaster resilience.


  • India Stack is the moniker for a set of open APIs and digital public goods that aim to unlock the economic primitives of identity, data, and payments at population scale.
  • The DBT is not a social assistance programme in itself; instead, it is a mechanism to consolidate and control the data on direct benefit transfers from multiple sources.
  • DBT leverages two elements of India Stack – – identity and payments – building on and contributing to online, paperless, cashless, and privacy- respecting access to a variety of public and private services.


  • The DBT is a shining instance of Indian innovation that fits seamlessly into this farsighted vision.
  • India is endeavouring to use the G20 platforms for introducing the home-grown DPl-based DBT paragon to the world, particularly the Global South (PTI 2023).
  • DBT also fits into the bigger picture of India’s co-chairship of Global Partnership for Financial Inclusion, a forum where India seeks to promote ‘the development of an open, inclusive and responsible digital financial ecosystem based on the presence of a sound and effective digital public infrastructure (DPI) for the advancement of financial inclusion.
  • DBT was also showcased in the G20 Anti-Corruption Working Group Meeting.


  • The IMF has hailed DBT for being 'a logistical marvel how these programmes that seek to help people who are at low-income levels reach literally hundreds of millions of people.
  • The World Bank has also lauded the scale at which DBT impacts people's lives.


  • The DBT 2.0 focuses on an online eligibility verification mechanism using Aadhaar.
  • The DBT 3.0 seeks to usher in a transformative shift in the scheme of benefit delivery to citizens.


  • For the far-reaching contemporary impacts of, and the possibility of futuristic reforms in India’s
    DBT paradigm, it is one of India’s most remarkable contributions to the discourse in ongoing G20
    discussions. It clearly has the potential to promote harmony within our ‘One Family’ and engender hope for our ‘One Future’.


Non-possession: The Gandhian Thought


  • A happy working of the human machine depends upon the harmonious activity of the various component parts.
  • Gandhiji’s sustainable and minimalist lifestyle was based on self-discipline. Possession implies provision for the future.
  • If each retained possession only of what he needed, no one would be in want, and all would live in contentment


  • The Gandhian thought encapsulates Truth, Ahimsa-Non-Violence, Brahmacharya-Chastity, Control of the Palate, Non-Stealing, Non-Possession, Fearlessness, Removal of Untouchability, Bread Labour, Tolerance-Equality of Religions, and Swadeshi.
  • According to Gandhiji, “A vow means unflinching determination, it helps us against temptation.
    Determination is worth nothing if it bends before discomfort.”
  • Just as non-violence can be observed only by a strong person, not by a coward, vows are also a sign of strength, not weakness. Gandhiji lived by these vows.
  • In the Indian Opinion, Gandhiji wrote a few articles under the heading Guide to Health.
    • He mentioned in these articles that all human activity is carried on by means of the mind aided by the ten senses. These are five senses of action and five of perception.
    • A happy working of the human machine depends upon the harmonious activity of the various component parts.
    • His question therefore was, “What is the use of human body?” Everything in the world can be used and abused. This is an eternal truth. Body should be treated as the temple of God.
  • Gandhiji wrote a few articles under the heading ‘Guide to Health’. He mentioned that all human activities are carried out by means of the mind aided by the ten senses.
  • These are divided into five senses of action and five senses of perception.
  • It is recommended that the body should be treated as the temple of God.
  • Gandhi’s sustainable and minimalist lifestyle was based on self-discipline.
  • In the year 1928, Gandhi ji formulated rules for Ashram. They were:
    • All ashramites should attend the morning prayers at 4 a.m.
    • All should eat at the community kitchen.
    • They should spin atleast 160 threads daily.
    • No servants should be hired for household work.
    • All adult men should engage in night vigilance.
    • All young and adults should take turns in cleaning toilets.
    • All persons should work for atleast eight hours daily.
    • One should maintain a daily diary and note all work done during the day.


  • These thoughts of Gandhiji, as mentioned in the beginning of this article, are the best formula for living a simple and happy life. You live and let others also live.



  • India's G20 Presidency has identified three priorities in the Health Track, namely
    • Health emergencies prevention and preparedness;
    • strengthening cooperation in the pharmaceutical sector, and
    • Digital health innovation & solutions.
  • In the First G20 Health Track meeting, it was discussed how pandemic prevention, preparedness,
    and response require diverse multi-sectoral, multi-agency coordinate efforts and a need for strengthening and empowering communities to become resilient to the future health emergencies.
    • It also highlighted the need to diversify capabilities to safeguard the people and systems in the face of any health crisis.
    • It also underscored the importance of building resilient health systems and investing in life-saving vaccines, therapeutics, and diagnostics.
  • The second Health Working Group meeting under G20 India Presidency saw important brainstorming on citizen-centric health delivery ecosystem for universal health coverage leveraging digital health and innovation.
    • It emphasised on an integrative holistic healthcare model of service delivery through comprehensive IT backbone for Traditional Medicine through ‘Ayush Grid’ and by ensuring the benchmarking of AI in Traditional Medicine with the guidance and support of the UN bodies.
  • A session on ‘Digital Public Goods (DPGs) to bridge the Digital Divide’ highlighted the critical element of democratising digital public goods.
  • The Health Track of G20 India Presidency comprise four Health Working Group (HWG) Meetings, one Health Ministerial Meeting (HMM), and four side events along with HWG meetings to enrich, supplement, and support G20 discussions.

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