At Hiroshima, Japan’s moment to reinforce partnerships – G7 summit at Japan | 29th May 2023 | UPSC Daily Editorial Analysis

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What's the article about?

  • It talks about the recently concluded 49th G7 summit in Japan – its major outcomes and impact on world & India.


  • GS2: Bilateral, Regional and Global Groupings and Agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests;
  • Prelims


  • Recently, the 49th G7 summit in Japan concluded. The venue of the summit was Hiroshima city (which was largely destroyed by an atomic bomb during World War II.) in Japan.
  • This summit comes at a time when the world is faced with enervating challenges such as the war in Ukraine, the threat of nuclear proliferation, rapidly transpiring impacts of climate change, economic security, unstable supply chains and the impact and regulation of sensitive technologies.

G7 Summit:

  • The G7 Summit is an international forum held annually for the leaders of the G7 member states of France, the United States, the United Kingdom, Germany, Japan, Italy, and Canada (in order of rotating presidency), and the European Union (EU).
  • At the G7 Summit, the leaders of the G7, which shares fundamental values such as freedom, democracy and human rights, exchange candid views on important challenges the international community is facing at that time, such as the global economy, regional affairs and various global issues, and issue a document as an outcome of such discussions.

Significance of Holding the G7 Summit in Hiroshima:

  • In 2023, as the G7 Presidency, Japan hosted the G7 Hiroshima Summit.
  • It has significant implications that the leaders of the G7 gather for discussions in Hiroshima, a city which has recovered from the catastrophic damage by an atomic bomb and which continues to seek lasting world peace.
  • As the world is facing an unprecedented crisis by aggression against Ukraine and the growing risk of use of weapons of mass destruction, at the G7 Hiroshima Summit in 2023, Japan would like to demonstrate G7's strong determination to categorically deny military aggressions, any threats of nuclear weapons, as well as attempts to overthrow the international order with historical significance.
  • From such viewpoints, the Government of Japan decided to host the G7 Summit in Hiroshima, considering Hiroshima as the most fitting location to express its commitment to peace.


  • Complex geopolitical landscape of the Indo-Pacific and Japan:
    • The major focus of the summit was peace and security in the Indo-Pacific which seems to be further aggravated by present geopolitical events.
    • These events are:
      • Russia’s aggression in Ukraine;
      • a China that is increasingly on the offensive with an ever-active military and nuclear modernisation plan;
      • China’s growing military pressures on Taiwan;
      • and the dangers posed by North Korea’s increasingly volatile nuclear posturing and nuclear weapons programme.
    • To tackle the challenge of China, Japan needs strategic partnerships with major countries among the G7 and India.
  • Economy and technology:
    • In the weeks leading up to the Summit and during it, Tokyo sought to step up collaboration in science and technology and progressed its objective of reinvigorating the country’s chip industry.
  • India and Japan partnership:
    • Recent years have witnessed steady collaboration between New Delhi and Tokyo, with regular joint military exercises and the progress of agreements on economic cooperation.
    • While Japan has been involved in the South Asian region through its involvement in several infrastructure initiatives, recent years have witnessed India partnering with Japan for advancing the same objective through the development of infrastructure projects in third countries in the Indo-Pacific region.
    • As two of the world’s largest democracies, the continued cooperation between India and Japan is an important indicator of what sustained partnerships can achieve in addressing the challenges of the 21st century.
    • The G-7 2023 Summit was another opportunity for Japan and India to further strengthen their partnership and expand the scope of their shared interests.
    • Two key principles form the central basis for both Japan and India’s role in the Indo-Pacific —
      • first, the preservation of a rules-based order; and
      • second, opposition to any unilateral attempt to alter regional order.
        Both countries reiterated these principles at the Hiroshima Summit, particularly with reference to Russia and China.
    • Closer and stronger ties between India and Japan are significant for boosting middle-power diplomacy in the region.

Way Forward:

  • Japan is an important partner of India in the field of technology and ensuring freedom in the Indo-Pacific region.
  • The Hiroshima Summit reinforced Japan’s re-emergence as a critical security actor which is increasingly willing to shape the emerging strategic contours of the Indo-Pacific and the wider global order.

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