Model Answers for UPSC CSE 2021 GS 2 Paper

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GS 2 PAPER ANALYSIS
  • Overall, GS Paper 2 (UPSC Mains 2021) was on the expected lines. Questions from each section of the syllabus were asked in the UPSC Mains GS Paper 2.
  • As stated in the UPSC Syllabus, General Studies Paper 2 was a great blend of Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice, and International Relations.
  • UPSC inquired about the 14th Finance Commission rather than the 15th Finance Commission (constituted on 2 January 2013).
  • Many of the questions, like ones about pressure organisations, NGOs, and SHGs, were fairly common and used identical phrases from the UPSC CSE (Mains) Syllabus.
  • Apart from AUKUS (announced in September 2021) and the CBI question, none of the other questions can be deemed to have a clear link to current events in the previous year. Knowledge of current events during the previous ten years, on the other hand, may have brought value to some of the other responses.
SECTION-WISE ANALYSIS 

Most of the topics were directly covered from the Samajho's Corner:

 STATIC TOPICS REPOSITORY FOR MAINS

Polity and Governance Syllabus Analysis
  • Questions on constitutional morality, the Legislative Council, the comparison of the US and Indian constitutions, and the Parliamentary Accountability Mechanism need a solid conceptual grasp of the constitution and its provisions, as well as some current information on the subject (with examples).
  • This part included questions from a variety of sub-topics. In the UPSC (Mains 2021) GS Paper 2, for example, questions on the role of non-governmental organisations (NGOs), pressure groups, vulnerable sections (women), digital divide, and rural development were posed.
IR Syllabus Analysis
  • This section's questions were also on the expected lines. In the GS Paper 2 of the UPSC Mains exam 2021, a few questions from the current/current events domain, such as AKUS and countering China's rise in the Indo-Pacific, and others from the static domain (though you must correct current developments as well), such as India-Africa Relations and Shanghai Cooperation Organizations (SCO), were asked.

Q1.

‘Constitutional Morality’ is rooted in the Constitution itself and is founded on its essential facets. Explain the doctrine of ‘Constitutional Morality’ with the help of relevant judicial decisions. (150 words)

Topic in the syllabus: Historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions & basic structure

Moderate to Hard level.Needs understanding and concept integration(Current affairs based)

Covered in Polity SMP NOTES, Samajho corner and Video by ROHIT DAGAR SIR.

https://samajho.com/upsc/analyzing-the-role-of-judiciary-in-the-last-5-years/

Q2.

Discuss the desirability of greater representation to women in the higher judiciary to ensure diversity, equity and inclusiveness. (150 words)

Topic in the syllabus: Structure, organization & functioning of the Executive & the Judiciary

Moderate to Hard level.Needs understanding and concept integration(Current affairs based)

Q3.

How have the recommendations of the 14th Finance Commission of India enabled the states to improve their fiscal position? (150 words)

Topic in the syllabus: Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions & responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies

Parliament & State Legislatures: structure, functioning, the conduct of business, powers & privileges & issues arising out of these

Moderate to Hard level.Needs understanding and concept integration(Current affairs based)

Covered in Samajho corner at different parts.

https://samajho.com/upsc/why-does-india-need-true-fiscal-federalism-for-economic-and-social-development/

https://samajho.com/upsc/co-operative-federalism-in-india/

Q4.

To what extent, in your view, the Parliament is able to ensure accountability of the executive in India? (150 words)

Topic in the syllabus: Separation of powers btw various organs, dispute redressal mechanisms & institutions

Moderate to Hard level.Needs understanding and concept integration(Current affairs based)

Covered in Samajho corner at different parts.

https://samajho.com/upsc/accountability-and-ethical-governance-strengthening-ethical-and-moral-values-in-governance/

Q5.

“Pressure groups play a vital role in influencing public policymaking in India.” Explain how the business associations contribute to public policies. (150 words)

Topic in the syllabus: Pressure groups & formal/informal associations & their role in the polity

Moderate to Easy level.Needs understanding and concept integration(Current affairs based)

Covered in Samajho corner(Detailed).

https://samajho.com/upsc/pressure-groups/

Q6.

“Besides being a moral imperative of Welfare State, primary health structure is a necessary pre-condition for sustainable development.” Analyze. (150 words)

Topic in the syllabus: Issues relating to development & management of Social Sector/Services relating to health, education & human resources

Moderate to Easy level.Needs understanding and concept integration(Current affairs based)

Covered in Samajho corner(Detailed).

https://samajho.com/upsc/issues-related-to-the-management-of-social-sector-services-relating-to-health-education-human-resources/

Q7.

“‘Earn while you learn’ scheme needs to be strengthened to make vocational education and skill training meaningful.” Comment. (150 words)

Topic in the syllabus: Issues relating to development & management of Social Sector/Services relating to health, education & human resources

Moderate to Easy level.Needs understanding and concept integration(Current affairs based)

Q8.

Can the vicious cycle of gender inequality, poverty and malnutrition be broken through the microfinancing of women SHGs? Explain with examples. (150 words)

Topic in the syllabus: Development processes & the development industry: the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups & associations, donors, charities, institutional & other stakeholders

Moderate to Easy level.Needs understanding and concept integration(Current affairs based)

Covered in Samajho corner(Detailed).

https://samajho.com/upsc/women-related-issues-challenges-and-welfare-schemes/

https://samajho.com/upsc/the-role-of-shgs-in-the-development-of-india/

Q9.

“If the last few decades were of Asia’s growth story, the next few are expected to be of Africa’s.” In the light of this statement, examine India’s influence in Africa in recent years. (150 words)

Topic in the syllabus: Bilateral, regional & global groupings & agreements involving India &/or affecting Indian interests

Moderate to Easy level.Needs understanding and concept integration(Current affairs based)

Q10.

“The USA is facing an existential threat in the form of a China, that is much more challenging than the erstwhile Soviet Union.” Explain. (150 words)

Topic in the syllabus: Bilateral, regional & global groupings & agreements involving India &/or affecting Indian interests

Moderate to Hard level.Needs understanding and concept integration(Current affairs based)

Covered in Samajho corner(Detailed).

https://samajho.com/upsc/shifting-power-dynamics-of-us-russia-and-china-and-its-impact-on-india/

https://samajho.com/upsc/india-us-relations/

Q11.

The jurisdiction of the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) regarding lodging an FIR and conducting probes within a particular state is being questioned by various States. However, the power of States to withhold consent to the CBI is not absolute. Explain with special reference to the federal character of India. (250 words) 15

Topic in the syllabus: Structure, organization & functioning of the Executive & the Judiciary

Moderate to Hard level.Needs understanding and concept integration(Current affairs based)

Covered in Samajho corner(Detailed).

https://samajho.com/upsc/investigation-agency-and-its-credibility/

Q12.

Though the Human Rights Commissions have contributed immensely to the protection of human rights in India, they have failed to assert themselves against the mighty and powerful. Analyzing their structural and practical limitations, suggest remedial measures. (250 words)

Topic in the syllabus: Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions & responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.Statutory, regulatory & various quasi-judicial bodies

Moderate to Easy level.Needs understanding and concept integration(Current affairs based)

Covered in Samajho corner(Detailed).

Q13.

Analyze the distinguishing features of the notion of Equality in the Constitutions of the USA and India. (250 words)

Topic in the syllabus: Historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions & basic structure.Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries

Moderate to Easy level.Needs understanding and concept integration(Current affairs based)

Covered in Samajho corner(Detailed).

https://samajho.com/upsc/the-need-for-an-equality-law/

https://samajho.com/upsc/comparison-of-the-indian-constitutional-scheme-with-that-of-the-other-countries/

Q14.

Explain the constitutional provisions under which Legislative Councils are established. Review the working and current status of Legislative Councils with suitable illustrations. (250 words)

Topic in the syllabus: Parliament & State Legislatures: structure, functioning, the conduct of business, powers & privileges & issues arising out of these

Moderate to Easy level.Needs understanding and concept integration(Current affairs based)

Covered in Samajho corner(Detailed) and POLITY SMP by Rohit Dagar Sir.

https://samajho.com/upsc/parliament-vs-state-legislatures-1-structure/

https://samajho.com/upsc/parliament-vs-state-legislatures-3-functions-powers-2/

https://samajho.com/upsc/parliament-vs-state-legislatures-2-functions/

Q15.

Do Department-related Parliamentary Standing Committees keep the administration on its toes and inspire reverence for parliamentary control? Evaluate the working of such committees with suitable examples. (250 words)

Topic in the syllabus: Parliament & State Legislatures: structure, functioning, the conduct of business, powers & privileges & issues arising out of these

Moderate to Easy level.Needs understanding and concept integration(Current affairs based)

Covered in Samajho corner(Detailed).

Q16.

Has digital illiteracy, particularly in rural areas, coupled with lack of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) accessibility hindered socio-economic development? Examine with justification. (250 words)

Topic in the syllabus: Social Justice.Issues relating to development & management of Social Sector/Services relating to health, education & human resources

Moderate to Easy level.Needs understanding and concept integration(Current affairs based)

Q17.

“Though women in post-Independent India have excelled in various fields, the social attitude towards women and the feminist movement has been patriarchal.” Apart from women education and women empowerment schemes, what interventions can help change this milieu? (250 words)

Topic in the syllabus: Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre & States & the performance of these schemes

Moderate to Hard level.Needs understanding and concept integration(Current affairs based)

Covered in Samajho corner in bits and pieces.

https://samajho.com/upsc/mechanisms-laws-institutions-bodies-constituted-for-the-protection-betterment-of-these-vulnerable-sections/

https://samajho.com/upsc/welfare-schemes-for-vulnerable-sections-of-the-population-by-the-centre-states-the-performance-of-these-schemes/

Q18.

Can Civil Society and Non-Governmental Organizations present an alternative model of public service delivery to benefit the common citizen. Discuss the challenges of this alternative model. (250 words)

Topic in the syllabus: Development processes & the development industry: the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups & associations, donors, charities, institutional & other stakeholders

Moderate to Hard level.Needs understanding and concept integration(Current affairs based)

Covered in Samajho corner(Detailed).

https://samajho.com/upsc/the-role-of-ngos-in-the-development-of-india/

https://samajho.com/upsc/the-role-of-shgs-in-the-development-of-india/

Q19.

Critically examine the aims and objectives of SCO. what importance does it hold for India. (250 words)

Topic in the syllabus: Important International institutions, agencies & fora: their structure & mandate

Moderate to Easy level.Needs understanding and concept integration(Current affairs based)

Covered in Samajho corner(Detailed).

Q20.

The newly tri-nation partnership AUKUS is aimed at countering China’s ambitions in the Indo-Pacific region. Is it going to supersede the existing partnerships in the region? Discuss the strength and impact of AUKUS in the present scenario. (250 words)

Topic in the syllabus: Important International institutions, agencies & fora: their structure & mandate

Moderate to Easy level.Needs understanding and concept integration(Current affairs based)

 

Covered in Samajho corner in bits & pieces.

https://samajho.com/upsc/monthly-current-affairs-for-prelims-november-2021/

https://samajho.com/upsc/monthly-current-affairs-for-prelims-october-2021/#mcetoc_1fkphqf4q1f



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