Model Answers for UPSC CSE 2021 GS 3 Paper

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GS IV 2021 Model Answers: Click here

GS 3 PAPER ANALYSIS
  • In Mains 2021, General Studies Paper 3 was all about a great blend of conceptual and analytical problems.
  • The question paper began with questions about concepts such as GDP, Budget, and Land Reforms.
  • The remaining questions, on the other hand, mostly focused on the analytical element.
  • The focus of this thesis was on recent national and worldwide events (within the previous ten years) — there was no emphasis on insignificant or factual current happenings.
  • The 26th session of the COP, which took place in November 2021, was the subject of two questions. This indicates how recent the UPSC question paper was set.
SECTION-WISE ANALYSIS 

Some of the topics were directly covered from the Samajho's Corner: STATIC TOPICS REPOSITORY FOR MAINS

Economy:

  • In the UPSC Mains 2021 exam, conceptual questions were asked from this area in GS Paper 3.
  • Candidates who have a thorough grasp of numerous economic ideas will be able to write effective responses in this part.
  • In the UPASC (Mains) GS Paper 3, for example, questions on GDP calculation technique and the difference between capital and revenue budgets were posed.

Agriculture:

  • This section's questions followed a predictable pattern. In the UPSC (Mains) GS Paper 3, for example, questions on land reform and its impact on marginal farmers, micro-irrigation and India's water crisis, and crop diversification were asked.
  • Candidates who have a thorough awareness of the many difficulties confronting Indian agriculture will be able to produce excellent responses in this area.

Environment:

  • This section's questions followed a predictable pattern, with contemporary advancements in the subject dominating.
  • In the UPSC Mains 2021, for example, questions on the Green Greed Initiative, UNFCCC COP 26 and Global Air Quality Guidelines were posed.
  • Candidates who have a thorough awareness of current events in the environment sector will be able to produce effective responses with ease.

Miscellaneous and Multi-discipline:

  • Questions on research and development accomplishments in applied biotechnology and the Nobel Prize in physics were posed.
  • Money Laundering, challenges posed by state and non-state actors to India’s internal security, Terrorism, Cross-border cyberattacks, etc. were asked in the GS Paper 3 of the UPSC Mains Exam 2021.

 

Q1.)

Explain the difference between the computing methodology of India’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) before the year 2015 and after the year 2015. (Answer in 150 words)

Topic in the syllabus: Govt budgeting

Hard level.Needs understanding and concept integration(Little vague)

Q2.)

Distinguish between Capital Budget and Revenue Budget. Explain the components of both these Budgets. (Answer in 150 words)

Topic in the syllabus: Historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions & basic structure

Easy level.Needs  Basic understanding and concept integration(Static based)

Covered in Economy SMP NOTES, Samajho corner and Video by ROHIT DAGAR SIR.

https://samajho.com/upsc/macroeconomics-3a-fiscal-deficit-revenue-capital-receipts-expenditures/

Q3.)

How did land reforms in some parts of the country help to improve the socio-economic conditions of marginal and small farmers? (Answer in 150 words)

Topic in the syllabus: Land reforms in India

Easy level.Needs  Basic understanding and concept integration(Static based)

Covered in Economy SMP NOTES, Samajho corner

https://samajho.com/upsc/land-reforms/

https://samajho.com/upsc/land-reforms-in-india/

Q4.)

How and to what extent would micro-irrigation help in solving India’s water crisis? (Answer in 150 words)

Topic in the syllabus: Major crops, cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation & irrigation systems

Moderate to Easy level.Needs understanding and concept integration(Current affairs based)

Covered in Samajho corner in bits and pieces.

https://samajho.com/upsc/yojana-magazine-december-2021-atmanirbhar-bharat/

https://samajho.com/upsc/spr-2021-sustainable-agriculture-technologies/

Q5.)

How is the S-400 air defence system technically superior to any other system presently available in the world? (Answer in 150 words)

Topic in the syllabus: Security challenges & their management in border areas.Role of external state & non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security

Moderate to Easy level.Needs understanding and concept integration(Current affairs based)

Covered in Samajho corner(Detailed).

https://samajho.com/upsc/spr-2021-science-technology-in-news/#mcetoc_1fhbji46v7

Q6.)

Explain the purpose of the Green Grid Initiative launched at the World Leaders Summit of the COP26 UN Climate Change Conference in Glasgow in November 2021. When was this idea first floated in the International Solar Alliance (ISA)? (Answer in 150 words)

Topic in the syllabus: Environmental conservation

Moderate to Hard level.Needs understanding and concept integration(Current affairs based)

Covered in Samajho corner(Detailed).

https://samajho.com/upsc/monthly-case-studies-compilation-november-2021/#mcetoc_1fpmjs0s710gh

Q7.)

Describe the key points of the revised Global Air Quality Guidelines (AQGs) recently released by the World Health Organisation (WHO). How are these different from its last update in 2005? What changes in India’s National Clean Air Programme are required to achieve these revised standards? (Answer in 150 words)

Topic in the syllabus: Environmental conservation

Moderate to Hard level.Needs understanding and concept integration(Current affairs based)

Q8.)

Discuss the vulnerability of India to earthquake-related hazards. Give examples including the salient features of major disasters caused by earthquakes in different parts of India during the last three decades. (Answer in 150 words)

Topic in the syllabus: Disasters & disaster management

Moderate to Hard level.Needs understanding and concept integration(Current affairs based)

Covered in Samajho corner(Detailed) and by Rohit Dagar Sir in Samajho video.

https://samajho.com/upsc/ndma-guidelines-on-earthquakes/

https://samajho.com/upsc/why-so-many-earthquakes-in-the-indian-subcontinent/

                   

Q9.)

Discuss how emerging technologies and globalisation contribute to money laundering. Elaborate measures to tackle the problem of money laundering both at national and international levels. (Answer in 150 words)

Topic in the syllabus: Money laundering & its prevention

Moderate to Easy level.Needs understanding and concept integration(Current affairs based)

Covered in Samajho corner(Detailed).

https://samajho.com/upsc/money-laundering-and-its-prevention/

Q10.)

Keeping in view India’s internal security, analyse the impact of cross-border cyberattacks. Also, discuss defensive measures against these sophisticated attacks. (Answer in 150 words)

Topic in the syllabus: Basics of cyber security

Moderate to Easy level.Needs understanding and concept integration(Current affairs based)

Covered in Samajho corner(Detailed).

https://samajho.com/upsc/cyber-security-challenges-and-way-forward-for-india/

Q11.)

Do you agree that the Indian economy has recently experienced V- shapes recovery? Give reasons in support of your answer. (Answer in 250 words)

Topic in the syllabus: Indian Economy & issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development & employment

Moderate to Hard level.Needs understanding and concept integration(Current affairs based)

Covered in Samajho corner(Detailed).

https://samajho.com/upsc/economic-survey-2020-21-vol-2-ch-1-state-of-the-economy-2020-21-a-macro-view/

Q12.)

“Investment in infrastructure is essential for more rapid and inclusive economic growth”. Discuss in the light of India’s experience. (Answer in 250 words)

Topic in the syllabus: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

Moderate to Hard level.Needs understanding and concept integration(Current affairs based)

Covered in Samajho corner in bits and pieces.

https://samajho.com/upsc/mains-industry-infrastructure/

https://samajho.com/upsc/infrastructure-energy-ports-roads-airports-railways/

Q13.)

What are the salient features of the National Food Security Act, 2013? How has the Food Security Bill helped in eliminating hunger and malnutrition in India? (Answer in 250 words)

Topic in the syllabus: PDS: objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping.Issues of buffer stocks & food security

Moderate to Easy level.Needs understanding and concept integration(Current affairs based)

Covered in Samajho corner(Detailed).

https://samajho.com/upsc/food-security-in-india/#:~:text=National%20Food%20Security%20Act%2C%202013&text=The%20objective%20is%20to%20provide,live%20a%20life%20with%20dignity.

https://samajho.com/upsc/pds-objectives-functioning-limitations-revamping/

Q14.)

What are the present challenges before crop diversification? How do emerging technologies provide an opportunity for crop diversification? (Answer in 250 words)

Topic in the syllabus: Major crops, cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation & irrigation systems

Moderate to Easy level.Needs understanding and concept integration(Current affairs based)

Covered in Samajho corner(Detailed).

https://samajho.com/upsc/agrobiodiversity-crop-diversification/

Q15.)

What are the research and developmental achievements in applied biotechnology/? How will these achievements help to uplift the poorer sections of society? (Answer in 250 words)

Topic in the syllabus: Awareness in fields of IT, Space, Computers, Robotics, Nanotechnology, Biotechnology

Moderate to Easy level.Needs understanding and concept integration(Current affairs based)

Covered in Samajho corner(Detailed).

https://samajho.com/upsc/awareness-in-fields-of-biotechnology/

Q16.)

The Nobel Prize in Physics of 2014 was jointly awarded to Akasaki, Amano and Nakamura for the invention of Blue LEDs in the 1990s. How has this invention impacted the everyday life of human beings? (Answer in 250 words)

Topic in the syllabus: Science & Technology: developments & their applications & effects in everyday life.Developing new technology

Moderate to Hard level.Needs understanding and concept integration(Current affairs based)

Q17.)

Describe the major outcomes of the 26th session of the Conference of the Parties (COP) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). What are the commitments made by India in this conference? (Answer in 250 words)

Topic in the syllabus: Environmental conservation

Moderate to Easy level.Needs understanding and concept integration(Current affairs based)

Covered in Samajho corner(Detailed).

https://samajho.com/upsc/how-can-india-follow-through-on-its-cop26-commitments/

Q18.)

Describe the various causes and effects of landslides. Mention the important components of the National Landslide Risk Management Strategy. (Answer in 250 words)

Topic in the syllabus: Disasters & disaster management

Moderate to Easy level.Needs understanding and concept integration(Current affairs based)

Covered in Samajho corner(Detailed).

https://samajho.com/upsc/ndma-guidelines-on-landslides-and-avalanches/

Q19.)

Analyse the multi-dimensional challenges posed by external state and non-state actors, to the internal security of India. Also, discuss measures required to be taken to combat these threats. (Answer in 250 words)

Topic in the syllabus: Role of external state & non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security

Moderate to Hard level.Needs understanding and concept integration(Current affairs based)

Covered in Samajho corner(Detailed).

https://samajho.com/upsc/role-of-external-state-and-non-state-actors-in-creating-challenges-to-internal-security/

Q20.)

Analyse the complexity and intensity of terrorism, its causes, linkages and obnoxious nexus. Also, suggest measures required to be taken to eradicate the menace of terrorism. (Answer in 250 words)

Topic in the syllabus: Linkages of organized crime with terrorism

Moderate to Hard level.Needs understanding and concept integration(Current affairs based)

Covered in Samajho corner(Detailed).

https://samajho.com/upsc/linkages-of-organized-crime-with-terrorism/



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