UPSC Daily Editorial Analysis | 07 March 2022

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What’s the article is about?

The article talks about post-pandemic school education and measures for better and holistic education.

Syllabus: GS2, Issues Relating to Development and Management of Social Sector/Services relating to Education, Human Resources.

Data

  • Out of 265 million children, the vast majority have barely set foot in the classroom for the past 2yrs.
  • There are 1 million government schools and five million government teachers in India.

Challenges in School Education.

  • Minimal Impact by e-content: As less than 12% of government schools have an internet connection and 24% of families have smartphone access.
  • Rote-learning: Due to misplaced focus on rote learning, many children even after 8yrs of schooling, struggle with basic reading, writing and lack arithmetic skills.
  • Lack of accountability and mismanagement in government schools.
  • Perception of bad quality of education in govt. Schools have led parents to resort to joining students in private schools.
  • Children from low-income families acquire complex and nuanced learning from their experiences and environment.

Measures

  • Revision and Support program: Govt. Schools must institutionalize welcome programs to bridge learning gaps.
  • Resolve fundamental systemic issues of weak learning and unimaginative curriculum. By focusing on art, music, and sports along with the normal curriculum.
  • School education should go beyond merely monitoring numbers and encompass management, mid-day meals, etc.
  • Meaning full learning: School education departments work closely with teachers and shift from the rigid curriculum.
  • Autonomy: Teachers should be given greater autonomy inside classrooms and provided training to teachers.
  • Recommendations of Paulo Freire and book Pedagogy of the oppressed.
  • Liberating educators: That helps children, to build on their own knowledge and understanding.
  • Incorporate strong local elements within a common curriculum framework.
  • Teachers need space for creativity and a freer classroom environment.
  • Perception of poor quality: Implementing measures like providing equal equipment and improved exam performance as done in states like Kerala and Delhi.
  • Dedicated cadre for necessary academic management and supervision of school governance.
  • Ensuring women's safety in the school for both teachers and students to increase women's participation.

India containing the youth population, education plays a crucial role for next generations and to reap benefits of demographic dividend.



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