UPSC Daily Editorial Analysis | 22 January 2022

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What the article is about?

  • Talks about the need for a single security agency to guard Indian borders

Syllabus: GS-III Security challenges and their management in border areas, Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate

India’s Border Management:

  • In addition to the army, India has four agencies guarding borders with 6 neighbours and the coast guard at maritime borders.


  • Lack of coherent policy on training, planning and the conduct of guarding operations among various outfits.
  • Overall Coordination is also affected.

Single Security Agency at Borders

  • Equipped, suitably armed and trained in advanced military drills and sub-unit tactics to guard our borders.
  • Manpower and infra by pooling and merging the resources of the CAPF and Assam Rifles.
  • To augment battle efficiency a fixed percentage of manpower drawn on deputation from the army
  • To be designated as a paramilitary force under the Ministry of Defence and operated under the army.
  • Collateral spin-off and to prune the CAPF:
    • ITBP and SSB fully merged into it
    • BSF and CRPF partially merged; have the internal security role
    • Assam Rifles retained its role of conducting counter-insurgency operations

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