UPSC Daily Editorial Analysis | Breakthrough Nation | 15th August, 2022

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What the article is about:
  • The article talks about vision of India at 100th independence day, and what needs to be done to achieve various targets by 2047.
 
Relevance:
  • Paper1: Essay
  • GS2: Human Resources
  • GS3: scientific innovations and discoveries
 
Analysis:
  • Author talks about her vision for India in the 100th year of independence, and how being a global innovation leader can help India to achieve equitable and inclusive economic growth, where everyone one has equal access to healthcare, education and sustainable livelihoods.
 
How can we realise this vision:
  • Government has identified research, innovation and technology as key drivers of it [email protected]
  • Digital and data-backed innovation combined with ubiquitous and affordable internet will help India build a robust digital economy of the future.
  • Scientific innovations can help to boost productivity and efficiency in the sphere of healthcare, this delivering affordability and accessibility, enabling preventive healthcare approaches.
  • India’s pharmaceutical industry that is “The pharmacy of the world” , ranking third in terms of pharmaceutical production by volume has the potential of 10 times growth by 2047, only if we realise pharma value chain.
  • In next 25 years we need to focus on emerging opportunities across novel biologics, biosimilars, cell and gene therapy, high end contract research, mRNA and other new generation vaccines, orphan drugs, precision medicines and molecular diagnosis.
  • To provide equal to its women, India needs to focus on women-centric programmes aimed at ensuring their education, health, economic security, safety and fundamental rights.
  • As per estimates, Indian economy could grow by an additional 60 percent by 2025, adding $2.9 trillion, if women were represented in the formal economy at the same rate as men.
  • By 2047, India will also need to have fully integrated environmental sustainability in its growth models by focusing on renewable energy and reducing waste, effluent emissions and consumerism; recycling and reuse should become the credo.
  • We should aim to meet 80% of our electricity requirements from renewable energy resources by 2047.
 
Way forward:
  • Creating a digitally empowered society and knowledge economy that is transparent, effective, and economically inclusive will enable India to emerge as the third largest economy in the world and true global power by the 100th year of its independence.



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